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The Importance of Da’wah

Question

Someone told me that Abdullah ibn Abbas (radiyallahu ‘anhu) narrates that Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alayhi wasallam) would never fight any nation until he had already conveyed the Da’wah of Islam to them. Here are the references for the Hadith. Abdur Razzaq, Hakim, Ahmad and Tabrani as quoted in Nasbur Ra’yah.

It may also be in Kanzul Ummal and Bayhaqi (Vol.9 Pg.107).

Are these from one chain, and is it authentic?

He shared another narration too. Abdur Rahman ibn ‘Aidh (radiyallahu ‘anhu) narrates that whenever Rasulullah dispatched a battalion, he would brief them thus, “Gain the confidence of people and do not attack them until you have called them to Islam. If you bring to me the residents of every baked and unbaked home (of every city and village) on earth as Muslims, it would please me more than you killing their men and bringing their women and children to me as captives.” Ibn Mandah and Ibn Asakir as quoted in Kanzul Ummal (Vol.2 Pg.294).

Also reported by Ibn Shaheen and Baghawi as mentioned in Isabah (Vol.3 Pg.152) and by Tirmidhi (Vol.1 Pg.195).

Is the above Hadith authentic too?

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The condition of Islam, the Quran, The Masjids and the Scholars before Qiyamah

Question

Is the following Hadith authentic?

يوشك أن يأتي على الناس زمان لا يبقى من الإسلام إلا اسمه ولا يبقى من القرآن إلا رسمه مساجدهم عامرة وهي خراب من الهدى علماؤهم شر مَن تحت أديم السماء مِن عندهم تخرج الفتنة وفيهم تعود

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A Hadith regarding interlocking the fingers

Question
What is the grade of the following Hadith?

إذا توضأ أحدكم، فأحسن وضوءه، ثم خرج عامدا إلى المسجد، فلا يشبكن يده، فإنه في صلاة

“When one of you performs ablution properly and then proceeds for Salah, then he should not interlock his fingers for [it is as though] he is in Salah”

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An incident regarding Ibrahim (‘alayhis salam), the Angel of death and Allah

Question

Is this Hadith authentic?

When the Angel of Death came to Nabi Ibrahim (‘alayhis salam), he said to him, “Allah has commanded me to take your soul!” Ibrahim (‘alayhis salam) responded, “What kind of friend takes the soul of his friend?” At that moment, Allah revealed to Ibrahim (‘alayhis salam) “And what kind of friend hates to meet his friend?”

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A virtue of Sayyiduna Mu’awiyah (radiyallahu ‘anhu)?

Question

Is this Hadith authentic?

Once Nabi (sallallahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) came home to Ummu Habibah (radiyallahu ‘anha). Sayyiduna Mu’awiyah was resting his head on her and Ummu Habibah (radiyallahu ‘anha) kissed him. Nabi (sallallahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) asked her whether she loved him. To this Ummu Habibah (radiyallahu ‘anha) declared that he was her brother and therefore she definitely loved him. Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) said: ‘Allah and His Rasul definitely love Mu’awiyah.’

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A flying carpet used during Mi’raj?

Question

Kindly provide the Hadith where mention is made of the transport ‘raff raff’ [A silken green carpet which was used to transport Nabi sallallahu ‘alayhi wa sallam] during the Mi’raj, its description and the reference please.

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Du’a when ones gaze falls on the full moon

Question

What is the reference and authenticity of the following du’a which is to be recited when seeing the full moon?:

   أَعُوذُ بِاللَّهِ مِنْ شَرِّ هَذَا الغاسقِ إِذا وَقَب

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