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Terminology

A question on Hadiths that are ‘Aziz

Question

I have read that in terms of classing a Hadith according to the number of narrators, Aziz, Gharib, Mashur and Mutawatir, many scholars do not include the Tabaqah of Sahabah (radiyallahu ‘anhum), rather they start counting the number of narrators from the level of Tabi’un.

Also, I have read that the example of an Aziz narration is : لا يؤمن أحدكم حتى أكون أحب الخ

I can understand that those that include Sahabah have termed is as Aziz because it has been narrated by Sayyiduna Anas and Abu Hurayrah (radiyallahu ‘anhuma). What I would like to know is how it will be classed as Aziz according to the individuals that start from Tabi’in, because this narration will have at least three people at the level of Tabi’un, due to the fact that Qatadah and Abdul Aziz ibn Suhayb have narrated from Sayyiduna Anas (radiyallahu ‘anhu) and there must be at least one person narrating from Sayyiduna Abu Hurayrah (radiyallahu ‘anhu). Read More »

The ruling of a text that is found with a broken chain in one book, and a full chain elsewhere

Question

1. There are narrations in books like Muwatta of Imam Malik which have discontinuity in the chain, however, in other books the same Hadith is mentioned with a continuous chain. An example is the Hadith: إن وليتموها أبا بكر

Will the narration in Muwatta still be classed as Mu’dal or will it be classed as Sahih because it has another full chain outside of Muwatta? Will the same principle apply to all disconnected narrations that have another Muttasil chain?

2. What is the ruling of Mu’allaq narrations in Sahihayn, more specifically, Sahih Bukhari? I have read that Hafiz Ibn Hajar has mentioned Muttasil chains for all of them. Read More »

Hadiths that ‘can be considered reliable according to Hafiz ibn Hajar’

Question

In some of your answers (like here) you say that a Hadith will be declared reliable/authentic according to Hafiz Ibn Hajar Al ‘Asqalani (rahimahullah). I was wondering, what do you mean by this statement? Do you mean it is reliable according to his conditions? If so and he did not grade it, how can you be certain it is reliable according to him if he did not say anything on its authenticity himself?

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The existence/non existence on Mutawatir Hadiths

Question 

A friend of mine alerted me to an argument that a prominent Salafi inclined Shaykh was making about the existence of Mutawatir Hadiths.

He said that not only are there no such thing as Mutawatir Hadiths, but it is impossible to have Mutawatir Hadiths according to the conditions of Mutawatir Hadith and he lists four reasons:

1) All of the Hadith Compilers through which we know Hadiths exist had the possibility of collusion upon a lie. Imam Ahmad met Imam Bukhari and Imam Abu Dawud. Imam Abu Dawud met Imam Nasai and Imam Bukhari met Imam Tirmidhi and Imam Muslim and so on and so forth and in this way, all of the ‘Ulama who compiled Hadiths into books have some link to each other which establishes the possibility of colluding upon a lie and thus, because this is the only way we know of Hadiths existing and because in this way, collusion was possible, no Hadith can be considered Mutawatir. Read More »

Ruling of weak narrations that support each other

Question

If a weak Hadith is supported by another weak Hadith then generally that Hadith becomes hasan lighayrihi.

1. What will be the ruling of two weak Hadiths which have the weakness at the same level?

In a case were both the weak narrations, are at the level of Atba’ Al-Tabi’in, there is a weak narrator or there’s jahalah in the rawi. Will both the narrations still be classed as weak or will they elevate to the level of hasan?

2. Will the same principle be used when elevating hasan to sahih, meaning that the weakness in memory cannot occur at the same level or be the same person? Read More »

The types of Sahih Hadiths in Bukhari and Muslim

Question

I have the following questions about Hadith:

1. Are all the Hadiths in Bukhari and Muslim sahih li dhatihi or are there also some sahih li ghayrihi narrations? Please provide example if there are any?

2. For a Hadith to be classed as sahih li ghayrihi, does the supporting narration need to have the exact words or just the same meaning? If it just needs the same meaning, will it also include one part of a lengthy narration supporting a small narration? Read More »

The number needed for Mutawatir

Question

I studied that some opinions said that the number of mutawatir Hadith must be 313 to match that of the people of Badr but I tried to look for who exactly said this and I could not find an answer. Ibn Taymiyyah and ‘Ali Qari mentioned the opinion by generically saying ‘And some said’ without mentioning who.

Can you please inform me as to who it was that specifically that held this opinion and a reference would be appreciated.

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What if the virtue mentioned is a mistake?

Question

What is status of following Hadith? Can it be quoted?

من بلغه عن الله فضل فأخذ بذلك الفضل الذي بلغه أعطاه الله ما بلغه وإن كان الذي حدثه كاذبا

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