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Terminology

Is ‘Hadithul ifk’ mutawatir?

Question

I came across a contemporary takhrij of a compilation of Hadith about the ‘Hadithul ifk’ [The Hadith of the lie/slander] originally done by ‘Abdul Ghani Al-Maqdisi. I was surprised to know that there are so many different chains of transmission on this story. I know that it is mentioned in Surah Nur but I’m specifically wondering with regards to just taking into account the Ahadith that make explicit mention of Sayyidatuna ‘Aaishah (radiyallahu ‘anha), would the sheer number of chains in this book lead us to state that the ‘Hadithul ifk’ (excluding the verses of Surah Nur) is mutawatir bil m’ana? Read More »

The ruling of Israely (historical) narrations

Question

In some of your answers, you have referenced some stories as Israely narrations; such as the story of Nabi Musa (‘alayhis salam) having a stomach ache and Nabi Sulayman (‘alayhis salam) wanting to feed the entire creation, so it is not wrong to quotes these stories?

I have come across the following Hadith also. Please comment on it also:

بَلِّغُوا عَنِّي وَلَوْ آيَةً، وَحَدِّثُوا عَنْ بَنِي إِسْرَائِيلَ وَلاَ حَرَجَ، وَمَنْ كَذَبَ عَلَىَّ مُتَعَمِّدًا فَلْيَتَبَوَّأْ مَقْعَدَهُ مِنَ النَّارِ

‘Convey [my teachings] to the people even if it were a single sentence, and tell others the stories of Bani Israel [which have been taught to you] for it is not sinful to do so. And whoever tells a lie on me intentionally, will surely take his place in the Jahannam.’

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Ruling of the narrations of a Hadith liar

Question

1. Is it true that if a narrator of a Hadith said one lie in his life then all the Hadiths that he narrates are considered as a fabrications?

2. What if the narrator openly makes tawbah afterwards? Would his narration still be considered Mawdu’ (fabrication)?

3. If so doesn’t that mean that some fabricated Hadith could be true?

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Chapters found in a Jami'

Question

As I understand, in order for a Hadith work to be classified as a Jami’, it must contain 8 topics.

viz.

1. Aqaid, 2. Ahkam, 3. Tarikh/Siyar, 4. Tafseer, 5. Manaqib, 6. Adaab, 7. Fitan.

My question is regarding the eighth topic. Some say it is Ashratus sa’ah, and others say Riqaq.

My understanding is that Ashratus sa’ah is included within Fitan thus making Riqaq the eight topic. However, due to some scholar not mentioning riqaq, and seperating fitan from ashratus sa’ah, I wanted to get some information regarding it.

JazakAllah Khayr.

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The strict rules of the Hadith Masters

Question

I once heard in a lecture that the scholars of the past were very strict on grading the authenticity of the narrators of hadith.

The lecturer stated that there are some narrators who were graded as weak because they were seen eating while walking.

Also, some narrator was deemed weak because he was seen eating in public. Is this true? Would you be able to name the narrator who was deemed weak because of eating in public? Is there a reason for this other than it might make others desire the same food? Jazakallah.

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Ruling on untraceable Hadiths

Question

I have read that some Hadiths are untraceable. What is the ruling on stories and Hadiths that cannot be found?

Should such Hadiths be propagate or abstinence be kept.

Jazakallah kayran for your efforts.

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