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References for the names of the Khulafa in the Friday khutbah

Question

Respected Shaykh, I wanted to ask regarding a hadith that I always hear during the Friday khutbah, I wanted to know if it is an authentic hadith and if it should be read every week during the khutbah?

The Hadith is a long one that discusses the khulafa and other sahabah, but it starts of with ‘Arhamu Ummati Bi Ummati Abu Bakr Wa Ashadduhum Fi Amrillahi Umar Wa Asdaquhum Hayan-an Uthman…’ the Hadith continues to mention Ali, Hassan, Hussain, Fatimah, Hamzah and Abbas (radiyallahu’anhum).

Is this Hadith is authentic, and are the Khulafa mentioned in the hadith in order? Jazakallah for your time, May Allah bless you and your family.

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Authenticity of Hadiths on conquest of India

Question

What is the status of the following hadiths?

1) Thawban (radiyallahu ‘anhu) narrates that the Messenger of Allah (sallalahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) said: “Two groups of my Ummah Allah has protected from the Hellfire, a group that will conquer India and a group that will be with ‘Isa son of Maryam (‘alayhimas salam)”

2) Sayyiduna Abu Hurayrah (radiyallahu ‘anhu) said, “The Messenger of Allah (sallalahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) promised us the conquest of India. If I (Abu Hurayra) were to come across that I will spend my soul and wealth. If I am killed then I am among the best of martyrs. And if I return then I am Abu Hurayrah, the freed.”

3) Nu’aym ibn Hammad in Al-Fitan has recorded that Abu Hurayrah (radiyallahu ‘anhu) said that the Messenger of Allah, (sallalahu ‘alayhi wa sallam), mentioned India and said, “A group of you will conquer India, Allah Ta’ala will open for them [India] until they come with its kings chained, Allah Ta’ala having forgiven their sins. When they return [from India], they will find Sayyiduna ‘Isa ibn Maryam in Syria.”

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The marriage age of Sayyidatuna ‘Aaishah (radiyallahu’anha)

Question

What is the most verified age of the marriage and consumation of marriage thereafter of Sayyidatina ‘Aaishah (radiyallahu ‘anha) to Rasulullah (Salallahu’alayhi Wa Sallam)? Famously known to be 6 and 9 respectively but is this supported in view of narrations and views of our salaf or not?

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Hadith: The fast only breaks with something entering the stomach

Question

What is the authenticity of the following narration:

Sayyidatuna ‘Aishah (radiyallahu ‘anha) reports that Rasulullah (sallalahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) once entered and said: ‘O ‘Aishah, do you have a piece of bread’? Sayyidatuna ‘Aishah (radiyallahu ‘anha) says that she brought a piece of bread for Nabi (sallalahu ‘alayhi wa sallam), he put it in his mouth and asked: ‘ O ‘Aishah did any of it enter my belly? This is like the kiss of a fasting person, the fast is broken by what goes in, not by what comes out.

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The Sahabi who picked up the morsel of food

Question

There is a famous incident mentioned about a Sahabi having meals in the King’s palace when he dropped a morsel. Whilst cleaning and eating it one man told him how can you do that here. He replied: should I leave the Sunnat of my beloved for these Fools?!

Could you please source the reference.

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Sayyiduna Umar (radiyallahu 'anhu) reading the Tawrah

Question

I have a query concerning the narration in which Sayyiduna Umar (radiyallahu ‘anhu) reads the Tawrah in the presence of Rasulullah (Salallahu Alaihi Wasallam) and the colour of the blessed face of Rasulullah (salallahu ‘alayhi wasallam) changes.

Is there any mention thereafter of the Ansar taking out their swords because of being angry with Sayyiduna Umar (radiyallahu ‘anhu)?

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Time Travel

Question

My Beloved Shaykh, I read in one of your answers, that the Prophet (sallallahu ‘alayhi wasallam) made du’a and the sun was returned to a previous position so Sayyiduna ‘Ali (radiyallahu ‘anhu) could pray ‘Asr. Could you please cite the complete Hadith? Does this Hadith mean time travel is some kind of way possible? I am referring to this answer: http://www.hadithanswers.com/hadith-really-bukhari/ JazakAllahu khayran.

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Hadith: I am leaving behind two things

Question

Could you please inform what is the academic status of these two hadiths:

1. I am leaving behind two things: the Book of Allah and the Sunnat

2. I am leaving behind two things :the book of Allah and the Ahlu Bait

Outwardly there seems to be a contradiction, please enlighten.

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