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Hadith: I am leaving behind two things

Question

Could you please inform what is the academic status of these two hadiths:

1. I am leaving behind two things: the Book of Allah and the Sunnat

2. I am leaving behind two things :the book of Allah and the Ahlu Bait

Outwardly there seems to be a contradiction, please enlighten.

 

Answer

The first Hadith: ‘I am leaving behind two things the Book of Allah and the Sunnah’ is reported by:

  1. Imam Malik (rahimahullah) in his Muwatta (balaghan). (Muwatta Imam Malik, 1601)
  2. Imam Hakim (rahimahullah) in Al Mustadrak. (Mustadrak Hakim, vol. 1 pg. 93)

The exact words are:

تركت فيكم أمرين لن تضلوا ما مسكتم بهما كتاب الله وسنة نبيه

Translation

I have left behind two things, you will never go astray as long as you hold fast onto them ie. the Quran and Sunnah.

 

The second Hadith: ‘I am leaving behind two things the book of Allah and the Ahlu Bayt’ is reported by Imam Muslim (rahimahullah). (Sahih Muslim, Hadith: 2408)

 

The exacts words are:

و أنا تارك فيكم ثقلين:أولهما كتاب الله فيه الهدى و النور فخذوا بكتاب الله واستمسكوا به فحث على كتاب الله و رغب فيه ثم قال و أهل بيتي أذكركم الله في أهل بيتي أذكركم الله في أهل بيتي أذكركم الله في أهل بيتي.. الي آخر الرواية

 Translation

I am leaving behind two heavy things, the first is the Quran, in it is guidance and light, so hold firmly onto the Quran , then Nabi (sallalahu alayhi wa sallam) encouraged and motivated (towards reciting and taking care of the Quran) , and the second thing  is the ahlu bayt, I am reminding you about the ahlu bayt, Nabi (sallalahu alayhi wa sallam) repeated this thrice

The Muhaddithun don’t regard issues like these as a contradiction, rather it is an addition, showing us the importance of Quraan, Sunnah and the ahlu bayt

And Allah Ta’ala knows best

 

Answered by: Moulana Suhail Motala

 

Approved by : Moulana Muhammad Abasoomar

 

Checked by: Moulana Haroon Abasoomar