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Hadith: I am leaving behind two things

Question

Could you please inform what is the academic status of these two hadiths:

1. I am leaving behind two things: the Book of Allah and the Sunnat

2. I am leaving behind two things :the book of Allah and the Ahlu Bait

Outwardly there seems to be a contradiction, please enlighten.

Answer
The first hadith: ‘I am leaving behind two things the Book of Allah and the Sunnat’ is reported by:

Imaam Maalik (rahimahulla) in his Muwatta (balaghan).
(See Muwatta Imaam Maalik 1601)

Haakim (rahimahulla) in Mustadrak.
(See Mustadrak 93/1)

The exact words are:

تركت فيكم أمرين لن تضلوا ما مسكتم بهما كتاب الله وسنة نبيه

Translation:

I have left behind two things, you will never go astray as long as you hold fast onto them ie. the Quran and Sunnah.
The second hadith: ‘I am leaving behind two things the book of Allah and the ahlu bait
is reported by:

Muslim (rahimahulla)
(See Sahih Muslim 2408)

The exacts words are:

و أنا تارك فيكم ثقلين:أولهما كتاب الله فيه الهدى و النور فخذوا بكتاب الله واستمسكوا به فحث على كتاب الله و رغب فيه ثم قال و أهل بيتي أذكركم الله في أهل بيتي أذكركم الله في أهل بيتي أذكركم الله في أهل بيتي.. الي آخر الرواية

 Translation:

I am leaving behind two heavy things, the first is the Quran, in it is guidance and light, so hold firmly onto the Quran , then Nabi (sallalahu alayhi wa sallam) encouraged and motivated (towards reciting and taking care of the Quran) , and the second thing  is the ahlu bayt, I am reminding you about the ahlu bayt, Nabi (sallalahu alayhi wa sallam) repeated this thrice

The Muhaddithun don’t regard issues like these as a contradiction, rather it is an addition, showing us the importance of Quraan, Sunnah and the ahlu bayt

And Allah Ta’ala knows best

 

Answered by: Moulana Suhail Motala

 

Approved by : Moulana Muhammad Abasoomar

 

Checked by: Moulana Haroon Abasoomar