Can you explain tashrih of this Hadith:

الارواح جنود مجندة



The entire Hadith reads as follows:

 الأَرْوَاحُ جُنُودٌ مُجَنَّدَةٌ

فَمَا تَعَارَفَ مِنْهَا ائْتَلَفَ وَمَا تَنَاكَرَ مِنْهَا اخْتَلَف


For the purpose of understanding, the above will be translated and explained in two parts.


 الأَرْوَاحُ جُنُودٌ مُجَنَّدَةٌ

1) The souls are a collective.

That is, when our souls were first created, they were gathered together.


فَمَا تَعَارَفَ مِنْهَا ائْتَلَفَ وَمَا تَنَاكَرَ مِنْهَا اخْتَلَف

2) Whichever of them find commonality will have affinity, and whichever of them do not find commonality will differ.


In other words, our relationships in this world are a result of the grouping in which our souls were gathered initially. One is easily connected to a fellow human with whose soul his was gathered at the time of their creation, and vice versa.


The above is one of a few explanations for this narration.

Reference: Sahih Muslim, Hadith: 2638, Fathul Mulhim 2738 and 6667, Al Minhaj, Hadith: 6650, Ikmalul Mu’lim, Hadith: 2638, Al Mufhim, Hadith: 2566 and Sunan Abi Dawud, Hadith: 4834



And Allah Ta’ala Knows best.


Approved by: Moulana Muhammad Abasoomar


Checked by: Moulana Haroon Abasoomar