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Iman is between fear and hope

Question

One often hears the statement, sometimes cited as a hadith or saying of the Salaf, ‘Imaan is between fear and hope’ or different wordings. What is the source for this statement? And regardless of the source, is the principle correct?

Answer

We are unable to locate these words as a hadith, however this principle is correct and is substantiated by many ahadith and verses of the holy Quran.

Among them are the following:

1. Allah Ta’ala mentions ‘Verily your Rabb is quick in meting out punishment and he is also most forgiving most merciful’.

(Sura Al A’raf: 167)

2. Sayyiduna Abu Hurairah (radiyallahu ‘anh) reports that Nabi (sallalahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) said: “If a believer knew the severity of Allah Ta’ala’s punishment, none will have hope in attaining Jannah and if a disbeliever knew how merciful Allah Ta’ala is none will lose hope of attaining Jannah.”

(Sahih Muslim, hadith: 2755)

The above proves that a believer should have equal amounts of fear and hope; more fear of Allah’s wrath during times of good health, and extra hope in His mercy during illness & before death.

Imam Bukhari and Nawawi (rahimahumallah) have also quoted this statement as a sub heading in their hadith compilations.

(See Bukhari and Fathul Bari, hadith: 6469 & Riyadus Saliheen 443)

And Allah Ta’ala knows best

 

Answered by: Moulana Suhail Motala

 

Approved by: Moulana Muhammad Abasoomar

 

Checked by: Moulana Haroon Abasoomar