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Status of the famous du’a for Ramadan

Question

How authentic is the following du’a to be recited at the approach of Ramadan?

اَللّٰهُمَّ سَلّمْنِيْ لِرَمَضانَ وَسَلّمْ رَمَضانَ لِيْ وَسَلّمْه لِي مُتَقَبَّلا

Allahumma sallimni li Ramadana, wa sallim Ramadana li, wa sallimhu li mutaqabbala.

Answer

Sayyiduna ‘Ubadah ibn Samit (radiyallahu’anhu) reports that Rasulullah (sallallahu ’alayhi wasallam) use to teach the Sahabah (radiyallahu’anhum) the following Du’a when the Blessed month of Ramadan would arrive:

اَللّٰهُمَّ سَلّمْنِيْ لِرَمَضانَ وَسَلّمْ رَمَضانَ لِيْ وَسَلّمْه لِي مُتَقَبَّلا

 رواه الطبراني في الدعاء والديلمي ، وسنده حسن- كنز العمال 8/584

 

Allahumma sallimni li Ramadana, wa sallim Ramadana li, wa sallimhu li mutaqabbala.

Translation: O Allah! preserve me for Ramadan, safeguard Ramadan for me and accept it from me.

(Kitabu Du’a of Imam Tabarani, Hadith: 912, also see:Hayatu Sahabah, vol.3 pg.182 and Kanzul ‘Ummal, Vol.8 pg.584)

 

Status of this narration

The chain of narrators for this Hadith is weak. (Footnotes of Shaykh ‘Awwamah on Musnad ‘Umar ibn ‘Abdil ‘Aziz, pg.280)

However it is positively supported by the practice of the salaf (pious predecessors) with slight variations in the wording and is therefore suitable for practice.

Habit of the Salaf

1. Imam Tabarani (rahimahullah) reports that the famous Tabi’i: Makhul (rahimahullah) would recite this du’a at the beginning of Ramadan. (Kitabu Du’a li Tabarani Hadith:913)

2. He also reports from ‘Abdul ‘Aziz ibn Abi Rawwad (Demise: 159 A.H.) that “the Muslims would recite” a similar du’a (with additions to the above wording) upon the arrival of Ramadan. (ibid, Hadith:914)

3. Imam Muhammad ibn Nasar Al-Marwazi has recorded in his Qiyamul Layl that it was the habit of the Sahabah (radiyallahu’anhum) and the Tabi’un (rahimahumullah) to recite this du’a when Ramadan arrived. (Mukhtasar Qiyamul Layl, pg.98)

4. Hafiz Ibn Rajab (rahimahullah) has quoted the reliable Tabi’i; Yahya Ibn Abi Kathir (rahimahullah) to have said:

“It was their habit (the Sahabah and Tabi’un) to make this du’a…”

(Lataiful Ma’arif, pg.280)

It is probably in light of these substantiations that Imam Suyuti (rahimahullah) has declared the narration as hasan, i.e. soundly authentic. (Kanzul ‘Ummal, vol.8 pg.584)

When to recite this?

Besides the last reference, all of the above have mentioned this du’a to be recited when Ramadan arrives or commences. In the version of Yahya ibn Abi Kathir (rahimahullah) the words used are:

اللهم سلمني إلى رمضان

O Allah keep me safe till Ramadan

This supports the habit of reciting this supplication (with these words) before the arrival of the month itself.

 

And Allah Ta’ala Knows best,

 

Answered by: Moulana Muhammad Abasoomar

 

Checked by: Moulana Haroon Abasoomar