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Teach your children Salah when they are seven years old

Question

What is the grade of this Hadith from Tirmidhi:

Nabi (sallallahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) said:

“Teach/Command a child to recite Salah when he/she is seven years old and beat him for it [i.e. if he intentionally does not pray] when he is ten.”

 

Answer

This Hadith has been recorded with a few chains in many Hadith books. Among them, Sunan Tirmidhi and Sunan Abi Dawud. Imam Tirmidhi has declared the Hadith sound (-hasan- Some editions of Tirmidhi have the words hasanun sahih). Imam Ibn Khuzaymah and Imam Hakim (rahimahumullah) have declared the Hadith authentic and Hafiz Dhahabi concurs.

(Sunan Tirmidhi, Hadith: 407, Sunan Abi Dawud, Hadith: 495-496, Sahih Ibn Khuzaymah, Hadith: 1002 and Mustadrak Hakim, vol. 1 pg. 258)

 

‘Hitting’ or ‘beating’ in this Hadith refers to hitting without causing any harm/injury to the child as well as avoiding the face.

(Sharh ibn Raslan, Hadith: 494, Tuhfatul Ahwadhi, Hadith: 407)

 

 

And Allah Ta’ala Knows best.

 

Answered by: Moulana Suhail Motala

 

Approved by: Moulana Muhammad Abasoomar