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‘Ali’s (radiyallahu ‘anhu) judgement

Question

Is the following narration authentic and can it be quoted?

Zirr ibn Hubaysh relates this story:

Two travellers sat together on the way to their destination to have a meal. One had five loaves of bread. The other had three. A third traveller was passing by and at the request of the two joined in the meal.

The travellers cut each of the loaf of bread in three equal parts. Each of the travellers ate eight broken pieces of the loaf.

At the time of leaving the third traveller took out eight dirhams and gave to the first two men who had offered him the meal, and went away. On receiving the money the two travellers started quarrelling as to who should have how much of the money.

The five loaf man demanded five dirhams. The three loaf man insisted on dividing the money in two equal parts.

The dispute was brought to Sayyiduna ‘Ali (radiyallahu ‘anhu) to be decided.

Sayyiduna ‘Ali (radiyallahu ‘anhu) requested the person with three loaves to accept three dirhams, because the person with five loaves has been more than fair to you. The man with the three loaves refused. At this Sayyiduna ‘Ali (radiyallahu ‘anhu) replied, “You can have only one dirham.” You had eight loaves between yourselves. Each loaf was broken in three parts. Therefore, you had 24 equal parts. Your three loaves made nine parts out of which you have eaten eight portions, leaving just one to the third traveller. Your friend had five loaves which divided into three made fifteen pieces. He ate eight pieces and gave seven pieces to the guest. As such the guest shared one part from your loaves and seven from those of your friend. So you should get one dirham and your friend should receive seven dirhams.

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References for the names of the Khulafa in the Friday khutbah

Question

Respected Shaykh, I wanted to ask regarding a hadith that I always hear during the Friday khutbah, I wanted to know if it is an authentic hadith and if it should be read every week during the khutbah?

The Hadith is a long one that discusses the khulafa and other sahabah, but it starts of with ‘Arhamu Ummati Bi Ummati Abu Bakr Wa Ashadduhum Fi Amrillahi Umar Wa Asdaquhum Hayan-an Uthman…’ the Hadith continues to mention Ali, Hassan, Hussain, Fatimah, Hamzah and Abbas (radiyallahu’anhum).

Is this Hadith is authentic, and are the Khulafa mentioned in the hadith in order? Jazakallah for your time, May Allah bless you and your family.

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Authenticity of Hadiths on conquest of India

Question

What is the status of the following hadiths?

1) Thawban (radiyallahu ‘anhu) narrates that the Messenger of Allah (sallalahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) said: “Two groups of my Ummah Allah has protected from the Hellfire, a group that will conquer India and a group that will be with ‘Isa son of Maryam (‘alayhimas salam)”

2) Sayyiduna Abu Hurayrah (radiyallahu ‘anhu) said, “The Messenger of Allah (sallalahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) promised us the conquest of India. If I (Abu Hurayra) were to come across that I will spend my soul and wealth. If I am killed then I am among the best of martyrs. And if I return then I am Abu Hurayrah, the freed.”

3) Nu’aym ibn Hammad in Al-Fitan has recorded that Abu Hurayrah (radiyallahu ‘anhu) said that the Messenger of Allah, (sallalahu ‘alayhi wa sallam), mentioned India and said, “A group of you will conquer India, Allah Ta’ala will open for them [India] until they come with its kings chained, Allah Ta’ala having forgiven their sins. When they return [from India], they will find Sayyiduna ‘Isa ibn Maryam in Syria.”

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The marriage age of Sayyidatuna ‘Aaishah (radiyallahu’anha)

Question

What is the most verified age of the marriage and consumation of marriage thereafter of Sayyidatina ‘Aaishah (radiyallahu ‘anha) to Rasulullah (Salallahu’alayhi Wa Sallam)? Famously known to be 6 and 9 respectively but is this supported in view of narrations and views of our salaf or not?

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Hadith: The fast only breaks with something entering the stomach

Question

What is the authenticity of the following narration:

Sayyidatuna ‘Aishah (radiyallahu ‘anha) reports that Rasulullah (sallalahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) once entered and said: ‘O ‘Aishah, do you have a piece of bread’? Sayyidatuna ‘Aishah (radiyallahu ‘anha) says that she brought a piece of bread for Nabi (sallalahu ‘alayhi wa sallam), he put it in his mouth and asked: ‘ O ‘Aishah did any of it enter my belly? This is like the kiss of a fasting person, the fast is broken by what goes in, not by what comes out.

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