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The intellect and eloquence of Sayyidah ‘Aishah (radiyallahu’anha)

Question

Please authenticate this narration:

They then sent Zaynab bint Jahsh who went to him and used harsh words saying:

“Your wives request you to treat them and the daughter of Ibn Abu Quhafah (i.e, ‘Aaishah) on equal terms.”

On that she raised her voice and scolded at ‘Aaishah to her face so much so that Allah’s Apostle looked at ‘Aaishah to see whether she would retort.

‘Aaishah started replying to Zaynab till she silenced her.

The Prophet then looked at ‘Aaishah and said, “She is really the daughter of Abu Bakr (radiyallahu’anhum).”

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Giving due where it’s due

Question

Is this narration authentic?

Sayyiduna Abu Bakr entered the presence of the Messenger of Allah (sallallahu ‘alayhi wasallam) and sat near him. Thereafter, `Ali ibn Abi Talib requested permission [to enter], and then he [too] entered.

When Abu Bakr saw him, he moved [out of respect] for him.

Upon seeing this, the Messenger of Allah (sallallahu ‘alayhi wasallam) said to him, “Why did you do this, O Abu Bakr?”

He said, “Out of honour and respect for him, O Messenger of Allah.”

He said, “Only virtuous people recognize other virtuous people.”

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‘Ali’s (radiyallahu ‘anhu) judgement

Question

Is the following narration authentic and can it be quoted?

Zirr ibn Hubaysh relates this story:

Two travellers sat together on the way to their destination to have a meal. One had five loaves of bread. The other had three. A third traveller was passing by and at the request of the two joined in the meal.

The travellers cut each of the loaf of bread in three equal parts. Each of the travellers ate eight broken pieces of the loaf.

At the time of leaving the third traveller took out eight dirhams and gave to the first two men who had offered him the meal, and went away. On receiving the money the two travellers started quarrelling as to who should have how much of the money.

The five loaf man demanded five dirhams. The three loaf man insisted on dividing the money in two equal parts.

The dispute was brought to Sayyiduna ‘Ali (radiyallahu ‘anhu) to be decided.

Sayyiduna ‘Ali (radiyallahu ‘anhu) requested the person with three loaves to accept three dirhams, because the person with five loaves has been more than fair to you. The man with the three loaves refused. At this Sayyiduna ‘Ali (radiyallahu ‘anhu) replied, “You can have only one dirham.” You had eight loaves between yourselves. Each loaf was broken in three parts. Therefore, you had 24 equal parts. Your three loaves made nine parts out of which you have eaten eight portions, leaving just one to the third traveller. Your friend had five loaves which divided into three made fifteen pieces. He ate eight pieces and gave seven pieces to the guest. As such the guest shared one part from your loaves and seven from those of your friend. So you should get one dirham and your friend should receive seven dirhams.

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