Etiquettes

Ibn Abi Zayd’s Al Qayrawani statement regarding the essence of Akhlaq being found in four Hadiths

Question

What is the reference for this and is quote correctly attributed?

Ibn Abi Zayd Al Qayrawani has said that all the Hadiths that talk about character are contexed in these four narrations:

1. Whoever believes in Allah and the last day should say good or remain silent.”
2. From the perfection of a person’s Islam is that he leaves that which does not concern him.
3. Nabi (sallallahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) said to the person who asked him for advice “Do not become angry”
4. None of you truly believe until he loves for his brother what he loves for himself.

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“Do not become angry”

Question

What is the reference for this Hadith?

Nabi (sallallahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) said to the person who asked him for advice “Do not become angry”

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Another query about the Hadith on being two faced

Question

Regarding the Hadith:

من كان ذا وجهين في الدنيا كان له يوم القيامة لسانان من نار

In most copies of Zadut Talibin I have referred to, the Hadith has the word لسان (singular). The reference in Zadut Talibin is Abu Dawud and Darimi. When I referred to Abu Dawud and Darimi,  the Hadith appears with the word لسانان (dual).

I found a Pakistani print of Mishkatul Masabih wherein the Hadith appears with the word لسان (singular) whereas other prints of Mishkatul Masabih have the word لسانان (plural).

Is the word لسان in the Pakistani print of Mishkatul Masabih a printing error and since Zadut Talibin is compiled from Mishkatul Masabih, most prints of Zadut Talibin have the same error?

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Truth saves and lies destroys

Question

What is the status of the following words which are commonly heard in the Khutbah of Jumu’ah:

عليكم بالصدق فإن الصدق ينجي والكذب يهلك

Hold on to [speaking] the truth for the truth will save and lies destroys

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