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The two rak’ahs after Witr salah

Question

What is the tatbiq (reconciliation) between the following two narrations:

One indicates that the last Salah should be Witr while the other indicates that Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alayhi wasallam) read two rak’ahs after the Witr.

عن عبدالله بن عمر: اجْعَلُوا آخِرَ صَلاتِكُمْ باللَّيْلِ وِتْرًا
صحيح مسلم ٧٥١

عن عائشة أم المؤمنين: سَأَلْتُ عائِشَةَ، عن صَلاةِ رَسولِ اللهِ ﷺ، فَقالَتْ: كانَ يُصَلِّي ثَلاثَ عَشْرَةَ رَكْعَةً، يُصَلِّي ثَمانَ رَكَعاتٍ، ثُمَّ يُوتِرُ، ثُمَّ يُصَلِّي رَكْعَتَيْنِ وَهو جالِسٌ، فَإِذا أَرادَ أَنْ يَرْكَعَ قامَ فَرَكَعَ، ثُمَّ يُصَلِّي رَكْعَتَيْنِ بيْنَ النِّداءِ والإِقامَةِ مِن صَلاةِ الصُّبْحِ
صحيح مسلم ٧٣٨

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How to classify a deed as Sunnah or Mustahab?

Question

1. If some act is not mentioned clearly in the Hadith, but is ‘deduced’ therefrom, can we classify this as a Sunnah as it is mentioned as a commentary of the Hadith but not clearly mentioned in the Hadith?

2. Is it correct that something which is found in a da’if Hadith cannot be classified a Sunnah , rather it will be a mustahab act?

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Can one sheep/goat suffice for many people in Udhiyah/Qurbani?

Question

Recently on social media people were saying that there is no need to slaughter more than one sheep or goat per household.

They quoted the following Hadiths to substantiate this:

1. Narrated by ‘Aaishah (radiyallahu ‘anha) and Abu Hurayrah (radiyallahu ‘anhu) that when Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alayhi wasallam) wanted to do Qurbani then He (sallallahu ‘alayhi wasallam) took two healthy sheep and cut one on behalf of the Ummah and other on behalf of Himself and his Family.

2. Narrated by ‘Ata ibn Yasar (rahimahullah) a Tabi’i asked Abu Ayub Ansari (radiyallahu ‘anhu) a Sahabi that how did you do sacrifice (udhiyah) during the time of Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alayhi wasallam)? Upon which the Sahabi said during the time of Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alayhi wasallam) a person gave one goat for sacrifice (udhiyah) on behalf of himself and his household (family). They used to eat from it and distribute from it. After that people started doing pride and the situation changed as it is now.

Is the deduction correct?

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Advice of the Imams of Fiqh to their qualified students

Question

‘When a Hadith is authentic, abide by it and leave my opinion.’

I heard from someone that the above statement was issued by Imam Abu Hanifah  to Imam Abu Yusuf, and Imam Shafi’i to Al Rab’i, and Imam Ahmad to his son Abdullah, and Imam Malik to Ibnul Qasim (rahimahumullah), but some laymen of today understand it to be directed to themselves too.

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‘Ali (radiyallahu ‘anhu) suggests consulting the wives of Nabi (sallallahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) over a Juristic ruling

Question

What is the authenticity of the narration wherein Sayyiduna ‘Umar and Sayyiduna Zayd ibn Thabit (radiyallahu ‘anhuma) were discussing a ruling regarding ghusl after intercourse. After consulting senior Sahabah they could not reach a verdict.

Sayyiduna ‘Ali (radiyallahu ‘anhu) suggested consulting the wives of Nabi (sallallahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) as they would have knowledge regarding this issue. Sayyidah Hafsah (radiyallahu ‘anha) was consulted but she also was unaware. Sayyidah ‘Aaishah (radiyallahu ‘anha) was then consulted. She had knowledge of this and she passed the verdict.

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