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The different versions of the Tashahhud

Question

Please help me with this question:

Yahya related to me from Malik from Ibn Shihab from Urwa ibnuz Zubayr from Abdar Rahman ibn Abdal Qari that he heard Umar ibnul Khattab say, while he was teaching people the tashahhud from the mimbar,

“Say, Greetings belong to Allah. Pure actions belong to Allah. Good words and prayers belong to Allah. Peace on you, Prophet, and the mercy of Allah and His blessings. Peace be upon us and on the slaves of Allah who are salihun. I testify that there is no god except Allah. And I testify that Muhammad is His slave and His messenger.”

At-tahiyatu lillah, az-zakiyatu lillah, at-tayibatu wa’s-salawatu lillah. As-salamu alayka ayyuha’nnabiyyu wa rahmatu’llahi wa barakatuhu. As-salamu alayna wa ala ibadi’llahi s-salihin. Ash-hadu an la ilaha illa ‘llah wa ash-hadu anna Muhammadan abduhu wa rasuluh.”

Is it correct? I use to say the same since my childhood but now I noticed it is At-tahiyatulillahi wassalatu watayibatu, can I continue saying az-zakiyatu?

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Reciting behind the imam in Salah

Question

Is the following Hadith authentic?

حَدَّثَنِي يَحْيَى، عَنْ مَالِكٍ، عَنْ نَافِعٍ، أَنَّ عَبْدَ اللَّهِ بْنَ عُمَرَ، كَانَ إِذَا سُئِلَ هَلْ يَقْرَأُ أَحَدٌ خَلْفَ الإِمَامِ قَالَ إِذَا صَلَّى أَحَدُكُمْ خَلْفَ الإِمَامِ فَحَسْبُهُ قِرَاءَةُ الإِمَامِ وَإِذَا صَلَّى وَحْدَهُ فَلْيَقْرَأْ ‏.‏ قَالَ وَكَانَ عَبْدُ اللَّهِ بْنُ عُمَرَ لاَ يَقْرَأُ خَلْفَ الإِمَامِ ‏.‏ قَالَ يَحْيَى سَمِعْتُ مَالِكًا يَقُولُ الأَمْرُ عِنْدَنَا أَنْ يَقْرَأَ الرَّجُلُ وَرَاءَ الإِمَامِ فِيمَا لاَ يَجْهَرُ فِيهِ الإِمَامُ بِالْقِرَاءَةِ وَيَتْرُكُ الْقِرَاءَةَ فِيمَا يَجْهَرُ فِيهِ الإِمَامُ بِالْقِرَاءَةِ‏

It has been reported on the authority of Nafi’ (rahimahullah) that ‘Abdullah ibn ‘Umar (radiyallahu ‘anhuma), when asked if anyone should recite behind an imam, said: “When any one of you performs Salah behind the imam, then the recitation of the imam is enough for him; and when he prays alone [i.e without an imam], then he should recite.”

Nafi’ added, “Abdullah ibn ‘Umar would not recite behind the imam.”

Yahya said: “I heard Malik [rahimahullah] say, “The position with us is that a man should recite behind the imam when the imam does not recite aloud, and that he should refrain from reciting when the imam recites aloud.” Read More »

Sayyiduna ‘Umar’s (radiyallahu ‘anhu) view regarding reciting behind the Imam

Question

Is this Hadith authentically narrated?

عن يزيد بن شريك، أنه سأل عمر عن القراءة خلف الإمام، فقال: اقرأ بفاتحة الكتاب، قلت: وإن كنت أنت؟ قال: وإن كنت أنا، قلت: وإن جهرت؟ قال: وإن جهرت

Yazid ibn Sharik once asked ‘Umar (radiyallahu ‘anhu) about reciting behind the Imam. He (radiyallahu ‘anhu) replied, “You recite Surah Fatihah.” I said, ‘If you are the Imam?’ He said, ‘Though I am the Imam.’ I said again, if you recite the Quran aloud? He said, “Although I recite the Quran aloud.”

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Replying to the words of the Adhan

Question

Are there any Hadiths which mention the words that should be said after every line of Adhan? I did remember reading such a Hadith but would like to know the full Hadith with its source and authenticity. Read More »