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Terminology

Another question about a Mustakhraj

Question

What does Hafiz Ibn Hajar (rahimahullah) mean when he puts the condition for مستخرج, in the following statement (related by his student):

و شرطه أن لا يصل إلى شيخ أبعد حتى يفقد سندا يوصله إلى الأقرب إلا لعذر من علو أو زيادة مهمة
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Definition and ruling of Tadlis

Question

What is the meaning of the word Tadlis and Mudallis with respect to the science of Hadith and also the position of the status or grade of Hadith whose one or more of its transmitter is considered to be Mudallis .

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Some terms used to discredit narrators

Question

1. What is meant by Muttaham bil-Khidhb in Hadith?

Is he accused of lying in general conversations or fabricating a Hadith?

2. Will lying in Hadith always refer to fabricating?

3. Will that be the same as Fuhshul Ghalat?

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The Hadith term: Fard Nisbi

Question

Is fard nisbi technically a fard or will it be an aziz/mashur narration?

I have read that it is fard in relation to someone like a trustworthy narrator or people of one village and I have also read that it is when the loneliness occurs later on in the chain.

This is why I’m confused and not sure whether it is technically classed as fard or not. Please explain through an example.

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