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Terminology

Strengthening factors for Hadiths

Question

Could you kindly translate and explain the meaning of the following text from Allamah Sakhawi’s Fathul Mugith:

وقد يعرض المفرق ما يجعله فاءقاً،كأن يتفق يجيء ما انفرد به مسلم من طريق يبلغ بها التواتر أو الشهرة القوية أو يوافقه على تخريجه مشترطو الصحة، فهذا أقوى مما انفرد به البخاري، مع اتحاد مخرجه، وكذا نقول فيما انفرد به البخاري بالنسبة لما اتفقا عليه، بل وفي غيره من الأقسام المفضولة بالنسبة لما هو أعلى منه إذا انضمّ اليه ذلك.

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Explanation of the word: أشبه

Question

What are the meaning/s of the word: أشبه below?

a) وَرَوَاهُ عبد الرَّزَّاق فِي مُصَنفه عَنهُ مَوْقُوفا وَهُوَ أشبه

b) قَالَ عِيَاض الثَّانِي أشبه بسياق الْبَاب

c) قَوْله وَرَأى بن عُمَرَ كَذَا ثَبَتَ فِي رِوَايَةِ أَبِي ذَرٍّ والأصيل وَغَيْرِهِمَا وَعِنْدَ بَعْضِ الرُّوَاةِ وَرَأَى عُمَرَ بِحَذْفِ بن وَهُوَ أشبه بِالصَّوَابِ

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Meaning of a passage in Hadith terminology

Question

Could you kindly explain the meaning of the following text from Allamah Abdullah Sirajuddin’s commentary on Bayquniyah:

فحقيقة الرواية : هي نقل ما ورد من السنة ونحوها واسناد ذلك الى من عزي اليه بتحديث أو اخبار ونحوهما
وشروط الرواية هي تحمّل راويها لما يرويه بنوع من انواع التحمّل من سماع أو عرض أو اجازة أو نحو ذلك

I have understood it as follows:

The actual science of narrating Hadith is to transmit what has come down from Sunnah and to attribute it to the one who said it by using words like حدثنا or اخبرنا etc. The conditions for narrating is for the student to have received the Hadith in one of the accepted ways of receiving/studying such as listening, hearing the narration being read to the teacher, or the teacher giving permission to narrate it etc.

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The subject matter of a Hadith Qudsi

Question

Could you kindly explain the meaning of the following text from Allamah Abdullah Sirajuddin’s commentary on Bayquniyyah:

‎وقد يفرق بأن القدسي ما يتعلق بتنزيه ذات الله تعالى وبصفاته الجلالية والجمالية ، منسوبا الى الحضرة القدسية تعالى وتقدس.

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The application of weak Hadiths

Question

I know the majority of scholars accept weak Hadiths for virtues bearing in mind certain conditions. However my question is regarding why weak Hadiths are also used for those things which are not related to virtues. I am confused regarding the wiping of the face after prayer, from what I have been informed is there are many weak Hadiths on the issue, however the wiping of the face isn’t virtuous.

So why would weak Hadiths be accepted in this example and others like it. Could you also direct me to any books where this is clarified.

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Usage of the term Maqbul

Question

Can you give a detailed discussion in regards to the different usages of different Imams on the term ‘Maqbul’.

It seems as different scholars use the term flexibly.

If you can cover all the major scholars usages that would be appreciated. Read More »