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Terminology

Question about a Hadith being labelled Gharib

Question

I wanted to enquire with regards to people of the same age narrating at the same level, like in the Hadith about intention. I have read that below Sayyiduna ‘Umar (radiyallahu ‘anhu), three Tabi’un have narrated that Hadith.

Will it still be called gharib or will all the Tabi’in be considered from one tabaqah? Read More »

What defines a ‘tabaqah’ in a Hadith chain?

Question

My question is in relation to the number of narrators found at every level, in order to class a narration as Mutawatir or Khabar wahid.

What is meant by each stage (Tabaqah)?

Many times, individuals narrate Hadith to people of their own age and their own generation. In this instance, will both the narrators be regarded as of the same Tabaqah or different Tabaqah?

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Meaning of the words: Sanad and Isnad

Question

What is the difference between Sanad and Isnad?

Am I right in assuming that Sanad refers to the names of people mentioned in the chain, whereas Isnad refers to mentioning/writing the full chain along with how the rawi received ijazah such as Haddathana or Akhabarana?

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A question on Hadiths that are ‘Aziz

Question

I have read that in terms of classing a Hadith according to the number of narrators, Aziz, Gharib, Mashur and Mutawatir, many scholars do not include the Tabaqah of Sahabah (radiyallahu ‘anhum), rather they start counting the number of narrators from the level of Tabi’un.

Also, I have read that the example of an Aziz narration is : لا يؤمن أحدكم حتى أكون أحب الخ

I can understand that those that include Sahabah have termed is as Aziz because it has been narrated by Sayyiduna Anas and Abu Hurayrah (radiyallahu ‘anhuma). What I would like to know is how it will be classed as Aziz according to the individuals that start from Tabi’in, because this narration will have at least three people at the level of Tabi’un, due to the fact that Qatadah and Abdul Aziz ibn Suhayb have narrated from Sayyiduna Anas (radiyallahu ‘anhu) and there must be at least one person narrating from Sayyiduna Abu Hurayrah (radiyallahu ‘anhu). Read More »