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Terminology

A question on Hadiths that are ‘Aziz

Question

I have read that in terms of classing a Hadith according to the number of narrators, Aziz, Gharib, Mashur and Mutawatir, many scholars do not include the Tabaqah of Sahabah (radiyallahu ‘anhum), rather they start counting the number of narrators from the level of Tabi’un.

Also, I have read that the example of an Aziz narration is : لا يؤمن أحدكم حتى أكون أحب الخ

I can understand that those that include Sahabah have termed is as Aziz because it has been narrated by Sayyiduna Anas and Abu Hurayrah (radiyallahu ‘anhuma). What I would like to know is how it will be classed as Aziz according to the individuals that start from Tabi’in, because this narration will have at least three people at the level of Tabi’un, due to the fact that Qatadah and Abdul Aziz ibn Suhayb have narrated from Sayyiduna Anas (radiyallahu ‘anhu) and there must be at least one person narrating from Sayyiduna Abu Hurayrah (radiyallahu ‘anhu). Read More »

The ruling of a text that is found with a broken chain in one book, and a full chain elsewhere

Question

1. There are narrations in books like Muwatta of Imam Malik which have discontinuity in the chain, however, in other books the same Hadith is mentioned with a continuous chain. An example is the Hadith: إن وليتموها أبا بكر

Will the narration in Muwatta still be classed as Mu’dal or will it be classed as Sahih because it has another full chain outside of Muwatta? Will the same principle apply to all disconnected narrations that have another Muttasil chain?

2. What is the ruling of Mu’allaq narrations in Sahihayn, more specifically, Sahih Bukhari? I have read that Hafiz Ibn Hajar has mentioned Muttasil chains for all of them. Read More »

Hadiths that ‘can be considered reliable according to Hafiz ibn Hajar’

Question

In some of your answers (like here) you say that a Hadith will be declared reliable/authentic according to Hafiz Ibn Hajar Al ‘Asqalani (rahimahullah). I was wondering, what do you mean by this statement? Do you mean it is reliable according to his conditions? If so and he did not grade it, how can you be certain it is reliable according to him if he did not say anything on its authenticity himself?

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The existence/non existence on Mutawatir Hadiths

Question 

A friend of mine alerted me to an argument that a prominent Salafi inclined Shaykh was making about the existence of Mutawatir Hadiths.

He said that not only are there no such thing as Mutawatir Hadiths, but it is impossible to have Mutawatir Hadiths according to the conditions of Mutawatir Hadith and he lists four reasons:

1) All of the Hadith Compilers through which we know Hadiths exist had the possibility of collusion upon a lie. Imam Ahmad met Imam Bukhari and Imam Abu Dawud. Imam Abu Dawud met Imam Nasai and Imam Bukhari met Imam Tirmidhi and Imam Muslim and so on and so forth and in this way, all of the ‘Ulama who compiled Hadiths into books have some link to each other which establishes the possibility of colluding upon a lie and thus, because this is the only way we know of Hadiths existing and because in this way, collusion was possible, no Hadith can be considered Mutawatir. Read More »