Will a maqtu’ and mawquf narration also be classed as authentic, sound or weak or is that just for marfu’ narrations?
Will a Hadith Qudsi also need to be authenticated?
Yes, they can also be classified as authentic, sound or weak. In essence, every chain can be inspected.
The terminologies mentioned in your question relate to the text [matn] of the Hadith [more specifically, who the text is attributed to] and not the chain. Labelling a Hadith as: Hadith Qudsy, Mawquf or Maqtu’ is not dependent on the reliability of the chain. Their respective chains will need to be inspected and be graded accordingly if needed.
For the benefit of the readers, I have included the terminologies in brief:
- Al Marfu’- That text in which the statements, actions approvals or qualities are attributed to Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alayhi wa sallam).
- Al Mawquf- The text in which the statements or actions are attributed to a Sahabi.
- Al Maqtu’- The text in which the statements or actions are attributed to a Tabi’i or someone lower than him.
- Al Hadithul Qudsi- A Hadith wherein Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) attributes the text to Allah Ta’ala.
(Refer: Sharhun Nukhbah and Tadrib)
And Allah Ta’ala Knows best.
Answered by: Moulana Suhail Motala
Approved by: Moulana Muhammad Abasoomar