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Imam Shafi’i (rahimahullah) explains what causes disgrace

Question

Kindly provide the reference and Arabic text for this:

Imam Shafi’i (rahimahullah) was asked, “What makes a man lose his honour? He replied, ‘Talking too much, exposing people’s secrets and placing [hopes] and trust in every single person.'” (Ibn ‘Abdil Barr)

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None is a true Believer until he believes in four things

Question

What is the reference for this Hadith?

Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) said:

“No slave of Allah is a [true] believer, until he believes in four things:

  1. He bears witness that there is none worthy of worship except Allah and that I am the Messenger of Allah; and He has sent me with the Truth.
  2. He believes in death.
  3. He believes in the Resurrection after death
  4. He believes in destiny.”

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Arabic text of the Hadith regarding the composure of a Sahabiyyah at the time of calamity

Question

Can you provide the Arabic text of this Hadith?

The son of Ummu Khallad (radiyallahu ‘anhuma) was martyred. When she heard about it she came to Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) to enquire about his position and reward. Despite being afflicted by the great tragedy of losing her son, her face was still covered with a niqab (veil/purdah).

A Sahabi (radiyallahu ‘anhu) was quite astonished by this [level of composure] and he remarked: “You have come to enquire about your son [who was martyred] yet you [are so composed that you] have still covered your face [in this tragic moment]?”

She replied: “I may have lost my son, but I have not lost my modesty.”

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Nabi’s (sallallahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) advice to a Sahabi who acquired many Hadiths

Question

Could you give the reference for this Hadith please?

Yazid ibn Salamah Al Ju’fi (radiyallahu ‘anhu) narrates: “I said, O Rasulullah! I have heard many Hadiths from you; I fear that recent Hadiths [I heard] may cause me to forget the earlier ones. So, tell me something that would be comprehensive.’ Nabi (sallallahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) said: ‘Fear Allah in all that you know [i.e. Abstain from the prohibitions and carry out the good deeds]'”

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