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Do not pass a judgement until you hear out both parties

Question

What is the authenticity of the narration where Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) advised Sayyiduna ‘Ali (radiyallahu ‘anhu) to always hear both sides of a story before passing judgement?

 

Answer

Imam Tirmidhi (rahimahullah) has recorded the following narration and has declared it sound (hasan):

Sayyiduna ‘Ali (radiyallahu ‘anhu) says, Nabi (sallallahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) told me:

“When two people come to you for a judgement, do not pass any ruling for the first person until you hear the other person’s case. You will then know how to pass a ruling.”

(Sunan Tirmidhi, Hadith: 1331)

 

Imam Ahmad (rahimahullah) has also recorded the following version:

Sayyiduna ‘Ali (radiyallahu ‘anhu) says, Nabi (sallallahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) once sent me as a judge and said:

“When two disputing parties come to you, then do not pass a judgement against one party until you hear the other person’s case. [After hearing out both parties] A ruling will then become clear.”

(Musnad Ahmad, vol. 1 pg. 149. Also see: Sahih Ibn Hibban; Al Ihsan, Hadith: 5065)

 

And Allah Ta’ala Knows best.

 

Answered by: Moulana Suhail Motala

 

Approved by: Moulana Muhammad Abasoomar