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Nabi’s (sallallahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) method of delivering a sermon

Question

Kindly provide the reasoning/explanation in the following Hadith for the words:

كان رَسولُ اللهِ ﷺ إذا خَطَبَ احْمَرَّتْ عَيْناهُ، وَعَلا صَوْتُهُ، واشْتَدَّ غَضَبُهُ،

عن جابر بن عبدالله رضي الله عنه قال: كانَ رَسولُ اللهِ ﷺ إذا خَطَبَ احْمَرَّتْ عَيْناهُ، وَعَلا صَوْتُهُ، واشْتَدَّ غَضَبُهُ، حتّى كَأنَّهُ مُنْذِرُ جَيْشٍ يقولُ: صَبَّحَكُمْ وَمَسّاكُمْ، ويقولُ: بُعِثْتُ أَنا والسّاعَةُ كَهاتَيْنِ، وَيَقْرُنُ بيْنَ إصْبَعَيْهِ السَّبّابَةِ، والْوُسْطى، ويقولُ: أَمّا بَعْدُ، فإنَّ خَيْرَ الحَديثِ كِتابُ اللهِ، وَخَيْرُ الهُدى هُدى مُحَمَّدٍ، وَشَرُّ الأُمُورِ مُحْدَثاتُها، وَكُلُّ بدْعَةٍ ضَلالَةٌ ثُمَّ يقولُ: أَنا أَوْلى بكُلِّ مُؤْمِنٍ مِن نَفْسِهِ، مَن تَرَكَ مالًا فَلأَهْلِهِ، وَمَن تَرَكَ دَيْنًا، أَوْ ضَياعًا فَإِلَيَّ وَعَلَيَّ. وفي رواية: كانَتْ خُطْبَةُ النبيِّ ﷺ يَومَ الجُمُعَةِ يَحْمَدُ اللَّهَ، وَيُثْنِي عليه، ثُمَّ يقولُ على إثْرِ ذلكَ، وَقَدْ عَلا صَوْتُهُ، ثُمَّ ساقَ الحَدِيثَ، بمِثْلِهِ.

(Sahih Muslim, Hadith: 867)

 

Answer

Translation

For the benefit of the reader, the beginning portion of this Hadith, relating to the aforementioned question, has been translated below:

It has been reported on the authority of Sayyiduna Jabir ibn ‘Abdillah (radiyallahu ‘anhuma) that he said:

“When Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alayhi wasallam) would deliver a sermon, his eyes would turn red, his voice would raise, and his temper would intensify [i.e he would begin speaking with great intensity]; so much so that it would be as if he were a person warning an army saying [things like]: [take heed and beware!] “they will strike you at dawn” and “[beware!] they will attack you in the evening!”.

[in the sermon] He [i.e. Rasulullah – sallallahu ‘alayhi wasallam] would join his index and middle finger together saying: ‘The final hour and I have been sent like these two……’”

 

Explanation

The commentators of Hadith have mentioned that Nabi (sallallahu ‘alayhi wasallam) would, at times, adopt a demeanor of such for the following reasons:

  1. When vehemently explaining the prohibition of an action that clearly goes against the Shari’ah (our Din and its legislation).
  2. Out of a genuine and fervent concern for his Ummah when warning them about certain issues.
  3. To emphasize both the weightiness and significance of the topic being addressed.
  4. To ensure that the message was passed on clearly in such a manner that the attendees would not only hear the message but also become affected; gaining courage, determination, and resolve, enabling them to quickly implement the message.

(Ikmalil Mu’lim, Hadith: 867, Al-Mufhim, Hadith: 739, Al-Minhaj, Hadith: 2002, Fathul Ilah, Hadith: 1407, Mirqat, Hadith: 1407)

 

And Allah Ta’ala knows best.

 

Answered by: Moulana Farhan Shariff

 

Approved by: Moulana Muhammad Abasoomar