I want to know that whether Sayyidah Hawwa was created from the ribs of Nabi Adam (‘alayhis salam) or the Hadith that states so has a metaphorical meaning?
And is the story of Sayyidah Hawwa’s creation from Nabi Adam (‘alayhis salam) from Israili Rawayat ?
Lastly, what is the meaning of نَفْسٍ وَاحِدَةٍ in verse 1 of Surah Nisa ?
Sayyiduna Abu Hurayrah (radiyallahu’anhu) reports that Rasulullah (sallalalhu’alayhi wasalalm) said:
‘Be good to women, for indeed the woman was created from a rib…”
(Sahih Bukhari, Hadith: 3331 & Sahih Muslim, Hadith: 3631)
Hafiz Ibn Hajar (rahimahullah) commented on this Hadith with the following:
‘It is said that this Hadith points to the fact that Hawwa was created from the left rib of Adam (‘alayhis salam)… as reported by Ibn Is-haq.’
(Fathul Bari, Hadith: 3331)
Imam Nawawi (rahimahullah) writes;
‘In this [Hadith] is support for what the Jurists, or some of them say: that Hawwa was created from the rib of Adam (‘alayhis salam). Allah Ta’ala said: ‘He created you from a single soul and created from it, its spouse.’ Rasulullah (sallallahu’alayhi wasallam) has clarified [in this Hadith] that she was created from [his] rib.’
(Sharh Muslim, Hadith: 3631. Also see Takmilah Fathul Mulhim, vol.1, pg.93)
The above explanations indicate to the literal meaning being understood by the Scholars.
(Also see: Tafsir Tabari, Tafsir Ibn Kathir & Tafsir Ruhul Ma’ani, Surah Nisa, Ayah: 1)
The meaning of the verse: ‘O People, fear your Rabb, who created you from a single soul and created from it its spouse, and He spread out [on Earth] from them many men and women…’
(Surah Nisa, verse: 1)
Allah Ta’ala is referring to the same discussion above; that first Nabi Adam (‘alayhis salam) was created, and from him Allah created his spouse; Sayyidah Hawwa. Allah Ta’ala then used them two to create the rest of mankind.
And Allah Ta’ala Knows best,
Answered by: Moulana Muhammad Abasoomar
Checked by: Moulana Haroon Abasoomar