Is this Hadith authentic?
بادرني عبدي بنفسه حرمت عليه الجنة
Imam Bukhari and Imam Muslim (rahimahumallah) have recorded this Hadith. The Hadith is therefore authentic. The full Hadith is as follows:
Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) said, “There was a man from among those before you who was wounded. [He was unable to bear the pain], so he took a knife and cut his hand. The blood did not stop until he passed away. Allah Ta’ala said, ‘My slave hastened his [death] so I made Jannah unlawful for him.”
(Sahih Bukhari, Hadith: 1364-3463, Sahih Muslim, Hadith: 113)
Suicide is a major sin. Believers who die without repenting for their major sins, will still gain entry into Jannah -Allah willing- after being punished for their sins.
Hafiz Ibn Hajar (rahimahullah) has offered several explanations as to why Jannah had been declared haram for this person. Among them are the following:
- He deemed this unlawful act lawful and therefore lost his Iman.
- Initial entry into Jannah has been made unlawful for him. He will be punished and thereafter gain entry into Jannah.
- Jannah here refers to Jannatul Firdaws. He may gain entry into Jannah (whenever Allah wills), but not the level of Firdaws.
- The Shari’ah of the previous nations stated that those who perpetrated major sins, lose their Iman. ‘Allamah Nawawi (rahimahullah) has offered this explanation.
(Fathul Bari, Hadith: 3463, vol. 6 pg. 500)
And Allah Ta’ala Knows best.
Answered by: Moulana Suhail Motala
Approved by: Moulana Muhammad Abasoomar
Checked by: Moulana Haroon Abasoomar