I have heard in a lecture that Nabi (sallallahu ‘alayhi wasallam) once told Sayyidah ‘Aaishah (radiyallahu ‘anha) that: ‘May your hand be cut/paralyzed.’ She sat holding that hand fearfully and upon returning, he (i.e Nabi -sallallahu ‘alayhi wasallam-) enquired as to what she was doing. Waiting for your words to take effect was the reply. Nabi (sallallahu ‘alayhi wasallam) smiled and said: ‘Do you not know the du’a I’ve made for anyone I have cursed? [I have made du’a] That Allah increase goodness and blessings on them. So the effect of my words/ ‘curse’ won’t bring anything but good to you.
Please provide the authenticity along with the correct wording of the du’a made by the Prophet (sallallahu ‘alayhi wasallam).
Imam Bayhaqi (rahimahullah) has recorded a similar narration on the authority of Sayyidah ‘Aaishah (radiyallahu ‘anha).
(As-Sunanul Kubra, vol. 9 pg. 89; Also see, Sahih Muslim, Hadiths: 2600-2604, Musnad Ahmad, vol. 3 pg. 141, Majma’uz Zawaid, vol. 8 pg. 265, and Mirqat, Hadith: 2224)
Imam Dhahabi (rahimahullah) has declared the chain authentic (jayyid).
(Al-Muhadhab Fikh-Tisaris Sunanil Kabir, Hadith: 14137)
The translation of the full Hadith is as follows:
Sayyidah ‘Aaishah (radiyallahu ‘anha) has reported that Nabi (sallallahu ‘alayhi wasallam) entered her house with a captive/prisoner of war whilst she was with some women (girls). [Because of playing with them,] They then turned her attention away from him (the captive), thus the captive left (and got away).
When Nabi (sallallahu ‘alayhi wasallam) came he asked: ‘O ‘Aaishah! Where is the captive?’
She replied: “There were girls [playing] with me and they caused me to become distracted thus he escaped.
Rasulullah (sallalahu ‘alayhi wasallam) said: ‘May Allah Ta’ala cut off your hand!’, and then he left and sent someone immediately after him (the captive). He (the captive) was then brought [back to Nabi – sallallahu ‘alayhi wasallam).
Later, Nabi (sallallahu ‘alayhi wasallam) entered [the home] and [found] ‘Aaishah [in anxiety] having taken out her hand [so as to examine it]. He then said: What is the matter with you?
She replied: O Messenger of Allah, you made du’a against me that my hand be cut and verily I am hanging my hand [arm] out waiting for the one who will cut it [i.e She had so much conviction that the du’a of Nabi – sallallahu ‘alayhi wasallam – would be readily accepted and was awaiting for it to take effect].
Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alayhi wasallam) then said [playfully]: Have you lost your mind?!
He then raised his hands and said: ‘O Allah, whoever I have made du’a against then make it an atonement for him [an expiation for his sins] and a means of [attaining] purity.’
The exact wording of the du’a as mentioned in this narration was:
اللهم من كنت دعوت عليه فاجعله له كفارة وطهورا
Note: It should be noted that the Arabs frequently used such terms (like, may your nose be cut/soiled, may your hand be cut/soiled etc.) to show dissatisfaction, without actually intending the literal meaning.
(See An-Nihayah, & footnotes on Musannaf Ibn Abi Shaybah, hadith: 13339)
However, in the incident in question, Sayyidah ‘Aishah (radiyallahu’anha) -out of her extreme fear for Allah and His Messenger (sallallahu’alayhi wasallam)- felt it might have been in the literal sense. Therefore she reacted in this manner, and in turn, Nabi (sallallahu’alayhi wasallam) consoled her with the du’a.
And Allah Ta’ala knows best.
Answered by: Moulana Farhan Shariff
Approved by: Moulana Muhammad Abasoomar