Kindly provide the source, background and meaning of this du’a:
Allahumma Inni a’udhubika minal hammi wal huzni wa a’udhubika minal ‘Ajzi wal kasli wa a’udhubika minal jubni wal bukhl wa a’udhubika min ghalabatid dayni wa qahrir rijal.
Sayyiduna Abu Sa’id Al-Khudri (radiyallahu’anhu) reports that once Rasulullah (sallallahu’alayhi wasallam) entered the masjid and found an Ansari Sahabi by the name of Abu Umamah (radiyallahu’anhu) seated therein. Rasulullah (sallallahu’alayhi wasallam) enquired of him:
‘Why is it that I see you in the masjid at a time when there is no Salah?’
He replied, ‘O Messenger of Allah! I have a lot of debts and many worries.’
Rasulullah (sallallahu’alayhi wasallam) replied, ‘should I not teach you something which if you recite, Allah will remove your worries and pay off your debts? Say every morning and evening:
اللَّهُمَّ إِنِّي أَعُوذُ بِكَ مِنْ الْهَمِّ وَالْحزنِ، وَأَعُوذُ بِكَ مِنْ الْعَجْزِ وَالْكَسَلِ، وَأَعُوذُ بِكَ مِنْ الْجُبْنِ وَالْبُخْلِ، وَأَعُوذُ بِكَ مِنْ غَلَبَةِ الدَّيْنِ وَقَهْرِ الرِّجَالِ
Allahumma inni a’udhubika minal hammi wal huzni wa a’udhubika minal ‘ajzi wal kasli wa a’udhubika minal jubni wal bukhl wa a’udhubika min ghalabatid dayni wa qahrir rijal
Translation: O Allah! I seek refuge in you from anxiety and grief and I seek refuge in you from inability and laziness, and I seek refuge in you from cowardice and miserliness and I seek refuge in you from overpowering debts and from the subjection of man.
That Sahabi (radiyallahu’anhu) says, ‘I did so and Allah Ta’ala removed my worries and repaid my debts.’
(Sunan Abu Dawud, Hadith: 1550 vol. 2 pg. 308 – 309)
Al-Shawkani states that ‘there is no defect in its chain of narrators’.
(Tuhfatudh dhakirin pg.110)
And Allah Ta’ala Knows Best,
Answered by: Moulana Muhammad Abasoomar
Checked by: Moulana Haroon Abasoomar