Is there a Hadith which states that a Sahabi (radiyallahu ‘anhu) was rebuked for not answering Nabi (sallallahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) when he was summoned as he was engaged in Salah?
Yes, Imam Bukhari (rahimahullah) has recorded this narration.
Sayyiduna Abu Sa’id ibnul Mu’alla (radiyallahu ‘anhu) relates, “I was offering Salah in the Masjid and Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) called me, but I did not answer. [After Salah] I said, ‘O Messenger of Allah, I was offering Salah.’ He said, ‘Does not Allah say, “Respond to Allah, and to the Messenger, when He calls you’ (Surah Al Anfal, Verse: 24)?’
Then he said to me, ‘I will teach you a Surah which is the greatest Surah in the Qur’an before you leave the Masjid.’ Then he took me by the hand and when he wanted to leave, I said to him, ‘Did you not say, ‘I will teach you a Surah which is the greatest Surah in the Qur’an before you leave the Masjid?’ Nabi (sallallahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) replied, [It is] ‘All praise belongs to Allah the Rabb of all the worlds’, it is the Seven Oft Repeated Verse [i.e Surah Fatihah] and the great Quran which I was given.'”
(Sahih Bukhari, Hadith: 4474, 4647, 4703, 5006)
And Allah Ta’ala Knows best.
Answered by: Moulana Suhail Motala
Approved by: Moulana Muhammad Abasoomar