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The eloquence of Nabi (sallallahu ‘alayhi wa sallam)

Question

Could you please provide the Arabic text and reference for the following:

Once when the sky was cloudy, Nabi (sallallahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) asked the people if they had observed the towering [clouds] in the sky.

The people replied that the clouds looked extremely beautiful and well stacked, one on top of the other. He then asked them how they found the central point. They replied that it is splendid and firm. He then asked them how they found the black pieces. They said that they are marvellous and deep black in colour. He asked how the mill is turning. “Excellent” they replied. He asked how they found the lightning – is it light, shining or piercing? They said it was piercing. He said that this is fertility.

Thereupon a Sahabi said “O Messenger of Allah, how eloquent you are! We have not seen someone more knowledgeable in Arabic than you.”

He replied “It is my right. Indeed the Quran was revealed to me in eloquent Arabic.”

 

Answer

This narration is recorded in the following books (mursalan), with a weak chain:

  1. Tafsir Ibn Abi Hatim. Also see Tafsir ibn Kathir, Surah: Ash Shu’ara, Verse: 195
  2. Kitabul Matar War Ra’d Wal Barq War Rih, of Imam Ibn Abid Dunya, Hadith: 12
  3. Shu’abul Iman, Hadith: 1363
  4. Tarikh Dimashq, vol. 4 pg. 5

(Refer: Mizanul I’tidal, vol. 4 pg. 409, number: 8412)

 

Arabic text:

بينما رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم مع أصحابه في يوم دجن إذ قال لهم كيف ترون بواسقها؟ قالوا: ما أحسنها وأشد تراكمها قال فكيف ترون قواعدها؟ قالوا: ما أحسنها وأشد تمكنها. قال فكيف ترون جونها؟ قالوا: ما أحسنه وأشد سواده. قال فكيف ترون رحاها استدارت قالوا: ما أحسنها وأشد استدارتها. قال فكيف ترون برقها: أو ميض أم خفو أم يشق شقا؟ قالوا: بل يشق شقا. قال الحياء الحياء إن شاء الله . قال: فقال رجل: يا رسول الله، بأبي وأمي، ما أفصحك، ما رأيت الذي هو أعرب منك. قال: فقال حق لي وإنما أنزل القرآن بلساني والله يقول بلسان عربي مبين

 

And Allah Ta’ala Knows best.

 

Answered by: Moulana Suhail Motala

 

Approved by: Moulana Muhammad Abasoomar