What is the authenticity of this narration?
Ibn Abbas (radiyallahu ‘anhu) says that a woman from the tribe of Khath’am came to Nabi (sallallahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) and said, “O Rasulullah! Inform me of the right of the husband on the wife? I am a single woman. If I am able to (fulfill the rights of my husband then I will get married); otherwise I will remain single.”
Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) said, “The right of the husband on the wife is that when he calls her [to satisfy his needs], she should respond to him even if she is mounted on the back of a camel. From the rights of the husband on the wife is that she should not keep voluntary fasts without his permission. If she does so [keeps voluntary fasts without his permission], she will be hungry and thirsty; however, her fasting will not be accepted. She should not leave the house except with his permission. If she does do so, the Angels in the sky, the Angels of mercy and the Angels of punishment will curse her until she returns.”
Imam Bazzar (rahimahullah) has recorded the narration in question on the authority of Sayyiduna ‘Abdullah ibn ‘Abbas (radiyallahu ‘anhuma) with a very weak chain.
(Musnadul Bazzar; Kashful Astar, Hadith: 1464, Musnad Abu Ya’la, Hadith: 2455 with slight variation in the wording. Refer: Mizanul I’tidal, vol. 1 pg. 499 -number: 1952- and Taqribut Tahdhib, 1342. Also see Targhib, vol. 3 pg. 57/58 and Majma’uz Zawaid, vol. 4 pg. 307)
Imam Abu Dawud At Tayalisi (rahimahullah) has recorded a similar narration on the authority of Sayyiduna ‘Abdullah ibn ‘Umar (radiyallahu ‘anhuma) with a weak chain.
(Musnad Abu Dawud At Tayalisi, Hadith: 2063)
Many parts of the text of the Hadith in question are also well supported by other narrations.
(See Targhib, vol. 3 pgs. 57-59. Also see Al Matalibul ‘Aliyah, Hadith: 1664 and 1665, and As Sunanul Kubra of Imam Bayhaqi, vol. 7 pg. 292)
And Allah Ta’ala Knows best.
Answered by: Moulana Suhail Motala
Approved by: Moulana Muhammad Abasoomar
Checked by: Moulana Haroon Abasoomar