Is this narration authentic?
‘Abdul Malik ibn Marwan (d.86 AH) was passing by the grave of Sayyiduna Mu’awiyah (radiyallahu ‘anhu). He stopped at the grave, stood by, and began making du’a [for Allah to have mercy]. A person asked ‘Whose grave is this?’
‘Abdul Malik ibn Marwan replied:
قبر رجل كان والله فيما علمته ينطق عن علم، ويسكت عن حلم، إذا أعطى أغنى، وإذا حارب أفنى، ثم عجل له الدهر ما أخره لغيره ممن بعده، هذا قبر أبي عبد الرحمن معاوية
“This is the grave of the person who, I swear by Allah, when he would speak, he would speak with knowledge and wisdom, and when he would stay silent, he would stay silent with patience and forbearance, whoever he gave to he made rich and whomsoever he fought he destroyed. Time gave to him quickly that which it gave to others very slowly, from those who came after him. This is the grave of Abu ‘Abdir Rahman; Mu’awiyah [radiyallahu ‘anhu].”
‘Allamah Ibnul Athir (rahimahullah) has cited this narration worded as you have above, without a chain of narrators.
(Al Kamil Fit Tarikh, vol. 3 pg. 90, ‘Asriyyah edition)
This narration is recorded in Ansabul Ashraf of Imam Baladhuri, with slight variation in the wording, with two chains. One chain consists of a narrator who has been declared a liar by several senior Muhaddithun.
However, the other chain is acceptable. The narration is therefore suitable to quote.
(Ansabul Ashraf, vol. 5 pg. 131, Darul Fikr edition, Al Kamil Fid Du’afa, vol. 10 pg. 323-325, Lisanul Mizan, vol. 8 pg. 361-363, number: 8312 and Ansabul Ashraf, vol. 5 pg. 165, Darul Fikr edition)
And Allah Ta’ala Knows best.
Answered by: Moulana Suhail Motala
Approved by: Moulana Muhammad Abasoomar