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Authenticity of the Hadith regarding witnessing the udhiyah/qurbani animal being slaughtered

Question

What is the status of this Hadith?

عن أبي سعيد الخدري رضي الله عنه قال: قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم لفاطمة: قومي إلى أضحيتك فاشهديها فإن لك بأول قطرة تقطر من دمها يغفر لك ما سلف من ذنوبك قالت: يا رسول الله، هذا لنا أهل البيت خاصة أو لنا وللمسلمين عامة؟ قال: بل لنا وللمسلمين عامة

 

Answer

Imams Hakim and Bazzar (rahimahumallah) have recorded this Hadith on the authority of Sayyiduna Abu Sa’id Al Khudri (radiyallahu ‘anhu).

‘Allamah Dhahabi (rahimahullah) has declared a narrator in this chain very weak. ‘Allamah Haythami (rahimahullah) states, “There has been a lot of [criticism] on this narrator, however he has been declared credible [by some]'” (وفيه كلام كثير، وقد وثق)

(Mustadrak Hakim, vol. 4 pg. 222, Musnad Bazzar; Kashful Astar, Hadith: 1202, Majma’uz Zawaid, vol. 4 pg. 17)

 

Imams Hakim and Tabarani (rahimahumallah) have also recorded a similar narration on the authority of Sayyiduna ‘Imran ibn Husayn (radiyallahu ‘anhu) with a weak chain.

(Refer: Mustadrak Hakim, vol. 4 pg. 222, Al Mu’jamul Kabir, Hadith: 600, vol. 18, Majma’uz Zawaid, vol. 4 pg. 17, Mizanul I’tidal, vol. 1 pg. 338, number: 1298. Also see: Targhib, vol. 2 pg. 154)

 

Translation

Sayyiduna Abu Sa’id Al Khudri (radiyallahu ‘anhu) reports that Nabi (sallallahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) told Fatimah (radiyallahu ‘anha), ‘Go to your sacrificial animal and witness it for all your past sins will be forgiven with the first drop of its blood that is spilt.’ She asked, O Messenger of Allah! Is this [reward] specifically for us the Ahlu Bayt or is it general for all the Muslims?’ Nabi (sallallahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) replied, ‘It is for us as well as all the Muslims,'”

These narrations support each other to a certain extent.

 

Also see important notes on this topic here and here

 

And Allah Ta’ala Knows best.

 

Answered by: Moulana Suhail Motala

 

Approved by: Moulana Muhammad Abasoomar