Please explain regarding the Hadith on performing Salah for forty days in congregation, wherein a person will achieve two certificates.
Is it a condition for the forty days to be consecutive of can it be spread out?
The Hadith you are referring to is recorded in Sunan Tirmidhi:
Sayyiduna Anas ibn Malik (radiyallahu ‘anhu) reported that Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) said: “Whoever offers Salah for Allah for forty days in congregation catching the initial takbir (takbir ula), will be granted two exemptions; an exemption from the fire and an [protection] from hypocrisy.”
(Sunan Tirmidhi, Hadith: 241)
The apparent meaning of this Hadith is that this refers to forty consecutive days. The commentators have explained that ‘forty days’ was deliberately mentioned. If a person does a deed for forty days this forms a habit.
(Refer: Al Kawkabud Durri, vol. 1 pg. 257)
Imam Ahmad (rahimahullah) has recorded a similar Hadith also on the authority of Sayyiduna Anas ibn Malik (radiyallahu ‘anhu) which clearly mentions “Forty days, without missing any Salah…”
(Musnad Ahmad, vol. 3 pg. 155, Hadith: 12583)
And Allah Ta’ala Knows best.
Answered by: Moulana Suhail Motala
Approved by: Moulana Muhammad Abasoomar