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Hadith Jibril

Question

Kindly mention the famous Hadith Jibril which is recorded Sahih Bukhari and Sahih Muslim.

 

Answer

In the famous Hadith known as Hadith Jibril, Jibril (‘alayhis salam) had asked Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) a few questions in the presence of Sahabah, with the intention of teaching the Sahabah (radiyallahu ‘anhum) a few issues pertaining to Din.

The full Hadith as appears in Sahih Muslim is as follows:

Sayyiduna ‘Umar ibnul Khattab (radiyallahu ‘anhu) reports, “One day we were sitting by Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) when suddenly a man dressed in pure white clothes appeared before us. His hair was pitch black and there were no signs of travel apparent on him. None of us recognised him. He sat by Nabi (sallallahu ‘alayhi wa sallam), aligned his knees with Nabi’s (sallallahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) knees, placed his palms on his thighs and said, ‘O Muhammad! Inform me about Islam?’ Nabi (sallallahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) said, ‘Islam is that you testify that there is no Deity but Allah and that Muhammad is the messenger of Allah, you establish Salah, discharge Zakah, fast in Ramadan, and perform Hajj if you are able to do so.’

He [the questioner] said, ‘You have spoken the truth.’

Sayyiduna ‘Umar (radiyallahu ‘anhu) says, ‘We were surprised that he asked the question and he also attested to it being true.’

He (the questioner) then said, ‘Inform me about Iman.’ Nabi (sallallahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) replied, ‘That you believe in Allah, His angels, His Books, His Messengers, The final day [Qiyamah], and you believe in the divine decree [taqdir], the good and the evil thereof.’

He [the questioner] said, ‘You have spoken the truth.’

He then asked, ‘Inform me about ihsan’. Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) replied, ‘That you worship Allah as if you are seeing him, and even though you do not see Him, [you know] He sees you.’

He then said, ‘Inform me [when is] Qiyamah’. Nabi (sallallahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) said, ‘The one who is being questioned does not know any more than the questioner.'[i.e. we both don’t know when is Qiyamah]. He said, ‘Then inform me about its signs?’ Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) replied, ‘The slave girl shall give birth to her master and you will see barefoot naked poor shepherds/Bedouins vying with one another in the construction of buildings.

Then he went away.

Sayyiduna ‘Umar (radiyallahu ‘anhu) says, ‘I waited for a while.’ Nabi (sallallahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) then asked me, ‘O ‘Umar! Do you know who the questioner was?’ I replied, ‘Allah and His Messenger know best.’ Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) said, ‘It was Jibril. He came to teach you your religion.'”

(Sahih Bukhari, Hadith: 50, 4777 and Sahih Muslim, Hadith: 8)

 

Also see here.

 

And Allah Ta’ala Knows best.

 

Answered by: Moulana Suhail Motala

 

Approved by: Moulana Muhammad Abasoomar