Learn the laws of inheritance

Question

Can you provide the correct wording and references for the following narration:

تعلموا الفرائض، وعلموها الناس، تعلموا القرآن، وعلموه الناس، فإني امرؤ مقبوض، والعلم سينقص، وتظهر الفتن، حتى يختلف اثنان في فريضة لا يجدان أحدا يفصل بينهما

 

Answer

This narration is recorded in many Hadith sources on the authority of Sayyiduna ‘Abdullah ibn Mas’ud (radiyallahu ‘anhu) with slight variations in the wording. The wording in your question is recorded in Sunan Darimi as part of a longer narration.

Among these sources are the following:

  1. Mustadrak Hakim, vol. 4 pg. 333
  2. As Sunanul Kubra of Imam Nasai, Hadith: 6271
  3. Sunan Ad Darimi, Hadith: 227
  4. Musnad Abu Ya’la, Hadith: 5028
  5. Sunan Daraqutni, Hadith: 4103
  6. Shu’abul Iman, Hadith: 1548

 

The wording of the complete Hadith as appears in Mustadrak Hakim is as follows:

تعلموا الفرائض وعلموه الناس فإني امرؤ مقبوض، وإن العلم سيقبض حتى يختلف الاثنان في الفريضة فلا يجدان أحدا يفصل بينهما

Translation: Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) said: “Learn the [laws of] inheritance and teach it to people for I will pass away soon. Knowledge will soon be taken away so much so that two people will argue regarding inheritance but will be unable to find someone to pass a verdict for them.”

 

And Allah Ta’ala Knows best.

 

Answered by: Moulana Suhail Motala

 

Approved by: Moulana Muhammad Abasoomar