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References for the names of the Khulafa in the Friday khutbah

Question

Respected Shaykh, I wanted to ask regarding a hadith that I always hear during the Friday khutbah, I wanted to know if it is an authentic hadith and if it should be read every week during the khutbah?

The Hadith is a long one that discusses the khulafa and other sahabah, but it starts of with ‘Arhamu Ummati Bi Ummati Abu Bakr Wa Ashadduhum Fi Amrillahi Umar Wa Asdaquhum Hayan-an Uthman…’ the Hadith continues to mention Ali, Hassan, Hussain, Fatimah, Hamzah and Abbas (radiyallahu’anhum).

Is this Hadith is authentic, and are the Khulafa mentioned in the hadith in order? Jazakallah for your time, May Allah bless you and your family.

Answer

The Fuqaha have ruled that it is preferable to mention the Khulafa and the two uncles of Rasulullah (sallallahu’alayhi wasallam), i.e. Sayyiduna Hamzah and Sayyiduna ‘Abbas (radiyallahu’anhuma) in the Khutbah. (Raddul-Muhtar vol.2 pg.149)

The hadith that is often heard in the Friday khutbah (sermon) is a collection of several hadiths that are narrated from Rasulullah (sallallahu’alayhi wasallam).

1. The part in which the four Khulafah are mentioned is recorded in the following authentic works: Sunan Tirmidhi, Hadith 3790, Musnad Ahmad, Hadith 13925, Sahih ibn Hibban; Al Ihsan, Hadith 7131, Musnad Abu Ya’ala vol.5 pg.298, Hadith: 5736 & Kashful-Khafa vol.1 pg.118. The mention of Sayyiduna ‘Ali (radiyallahu’anhu) is found in the last two references only.

Yes, the hadith mentions the khulafa in order.

2. The part of Sayyidatuna Fatimah and Sayyiduna Hasan and Husayn (radiyallahu’anhum) is recorded by Imams: Tirmidhi Hadith 3781 & Nasa’i

3. The part of Sayyiduna ‘Abbas and his son (radiyallahu’anhuma) is recorded by Imam Tirmidhi (rahimahullah) hadith 3762 4. Mention of Sayyiduna Hamzah (radiyallahu’anhu) has been recorded in Mustadrak Hakim vol.3 pgs.194, 198, 199 Hadith 4880, 4881, 2898, 4900.

 

And Allah Ta’ala Knows Best,

 

Answered by: Moulana Muhammad Abasoomar

 

Checked by: Moulana Haroon Abasoomar