Is this incident true?
أن عمر بن الخطاب اختصم إليه مسلم ويهودي فرأى عمر أن الحق لليهودي فقضى له فقال له اليهودي والله لقد قضيت بالحق. فضربه عمر بن الخطاب بالدرة ثم قال وما يدريك؟ فقال له اليهودي إنا نجد أنه ليس قاض يقضي بالحق إلا كان عن يمينه ملك وعن شماله ملك يسددانه ويوفقانه للحق ما دام مع الحق فإذا ترك الحق عرجا وتركاه
Yes. This incident is recorded in Muwatta Imam Malik.
(Muwatta Imam Malik, Hadith: 2104)
A Muslim and a Jew brought their case to Sayyiduna ‘Umar (radiyallahu ‘anhu). Sayyiduna ‘Umar believed that the Jew was correct and subsequently passed judgement in favour of the Jew. The Jew said, ‘By Allah You have passed a just ruling.’ Sayyiduna ‘Umar nudged him and said, ‘How do you know?’ The Jew said, We saw [in the Tawrah] that whenever a Judge passes a just ruling, there are two Angels on either side of him guiding him and inspiring him to utter the truth, as long as he remains just and on truth. As soon as he abandons passing just rulings, they leave him and ascend to the sky.
(Refer: Awjazul Masalik, Hadith: 1427)
And Allah Ta’ala Knows best.
Answered by: Moulana Suhail Motala
Approved by: Moulana Muhammad Abasoomar
Checked by: Moulana Haroon Abasoomar