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A narration regarding Dhul Qarnayn and Tubba’

Question

What is status of following narration?

ما أدري تبع ألعينا كان أم لا؟ وما أدري ذو القرنين أنبيا كان أم لا؟

Nabi (sallallahu ‘alayhi ‘alayhi wa sallam) said:

“I don’t know if Tubba’ is cursed or not and I don’t know if Dhul Qarnayn was a Nabi or not”

 

Answer

Imams Hakim, Bazzar and Bayhaqi (rahimahumullah) have recorded this as part of a longer narration.

(Mustadrak Hakim, vol. 1 pg. 36, As Sunanul Kubra, vol. 8 pg. 329. Musnad Bazzar; Al Bahruz Zakkhar Hadith: 8519 and Sunan Abi Dawud, Hadith: 4641 with variation in the wording)

 

The Muhaddithun have differed with regard to the authenticity of this Hadith and as to which version is correct. [The mursal or mawsul]. Imam Hakim (rahimahullah) has declared the Hadith authentic and ‘Allamah Dhahabi concurs. Hafiz Ibn Hajar Al ‘Asqalani (rahimahullah) has also declared the Hadith authentic.

(Fathul Bari, Hadith: 18, vol. 1 pg. 66)

 

The Muhaddithun have explained that it is possible that Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) said this at an early stage, for there are other [weak] narrations wherein Nabi (sallallahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) prohibited swearing Tubba’ due to his acceptance of Islam.

(See Musnad Ahmad, vol. 5 pg. 340. Also see: Footnotes of Shaykh Muhammad ‘Awwamah on Abu Dawud, Hadith: 4641)

 

And Allah Ta’ala Knows best.

 

Answered by: Moulana Suhail Motala

 

Approved by: Moulana Muhammad Abasoomar