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Another Hadith on the treatment of one’s wife and the rights a wife enjoys over her husband

Question

Is this narration authentic?

عن حكيم بن معاوية عن أبيه أن رجلا سأل النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم ما حق المرأة على الزوج؟ قال: أن يطعمها إذا طعم وأن يكسوها إذا اكتسى ولا يضرب الوجه ولا يقبح ولا يهجر إلا في البيت

 

Answer

Imams Abu Dawud and Ibn Majah (rahimahumallah) have recorded this Hadith.

(Sunan Abi Dawud, Hadith: 2135 with slight variation in the wording and Sunan Ibn Majah, Hadith: 1850)

 

Imams Ibn Hibban and Hakim (rahimahumallah) have declared the Hadith authentic. ‘Allamah Dhahabi (rahimahullah) has concurred with Imam Hakim.

(Sahih Ibn Hibban; Al Ihsan, Hadith: 4175, Mustadrak Hakim, vol. 2 pg. 187/188)

 

Also see here and here.

 

Translation

Hakim ibn Mu’awiyah reports from his father, [Mu’awiyah Al Qushayri radiyallahu ‘anhu] that a man once asked Nabi (sallallahu ‘alayhi wa sallam), ‘What right does a woman enjoy over her husband?’ Nabi (sallallahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) said: ‘That he should feed her when/as he feeds himself and clothe her when/as he clothes himself. He should not hit her on the face nor be repulsive and he should not abandon her except in the house [i.e. If he needs to discipline her, he should separate the bed at home only].'”

 

And Allah Ta’ala Knows best.

 

Answered by: Moulana Suhail Motala

 

Approved by: Moulana Muhammad Abasoomar,

This Hadith clearly teaches us not to make such disagreements between spouses public.