Ibn Abi Zayd’s Al Qayrawani statement regarding the essence of Akhlaq being found in four Hadiths

Question

What is the reference for this and is quote correctly attributed?

Ibn Abi Zayd Al Qayrawani has said that all the Hadiths that talk about character are contexed in these four narrations:

1. Whoever believes in Allah and the last day should say good or remain silent.”
2. From the perfection of a person’s Islam is that he leaves that which does not concern him.
3. Nabi (sallallahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) said to the person who asked him for advice “Do not become angry”
4. None of you truly believe until he loves for his brother what he loves for himself.

 

Answer

This statement of the famous Maliki Imam, Imam Ibn Abi Zayd Al Qayrawani (Demise: 386 A.H) has been recorded in a Hadith Mashyakhah and has also been attributed to Ibn Abi Zayd Al Qayrawani by Imam Ibnus Salah and Hafiz Ibn Rajab Al Hambali (rahimahumallah).

It is suitable to attribute to Imam Ibn Abi Zayd (rahimahullah).

(Mashyakhatush Shaykh Al Ajall Abi ‘Abdillah Muhammad ibn Ahmad ibn Ibrahim Ar Razi, Hadith: 169, pg. 196, Siyanatu Sahih Muslim, pg. 116 and Jami’ul ‘Ulumi Wal Hikam, vol. 1 pg. 207, under Hadith: 12)

 

See the following links for the references regarding the four Hadiths alluded to:

  1. Reference for the famous Hadith, “Speak good or remain silent”
  2. Abandoning things that do not concern one
  3. “Do not become angry”
  4. Love for your brother what you love for yourself

 

And Allah Ta’ala Knows best.

 

Answered by: Moulana Suhail Motala

 

Approved by: Moulana Muhammad Abasoomar