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The du’a of Nabi (sallallahu ’alayhi wa sallam) in Badr

Question

What is the status of the following narration?

حَدَّثَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ الْمُثَنَّى قَالَ: نا عُمَرُ بْنُ يُونُسَ الْيَمَامِيُّ قَالَ: نا عِكْرِمَةُ بْنُ عَمَّارٍ قَالَ: حَدَّثَنِي أَبُو زُمَيْلٍ قَالَ: حَدَّثَنِي ابْنُ عَبَّاسٍ قَالَ: حَدَّثَنِي عُمَرُ بْنُ الْخَطَّابِ قَالَ: لَمَّا كَانَ يَوْمُ بَدْرٍ نَظَرَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ إِلَى الْمُشْرِكِينَ وَهُمْ أَلْفٌ، وَإِلَى أَصْحَابِهِ وَهُمْ ثَلَاثُ مِائَةٍ وَسَبْعَةَ عَشَرَ رَجُلًا فَاسْتَقْبَلَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ الْقِبْلَةَ ثُمَّ مَدَّ يَدَيْهِ فَجَعَلَ يَهْتِفُ بِرَبِّهِ يَقُولُ: أَنْجِزْ لِي مَا وَعَدْتَنِي، اللَّهُمَّ إِنَّ تُهْلِكْ هَذِهِ الْعِصَابَةَ مِنْ أَهْلِ الْإِسْلَامِ لَا تَعْبُدُ فِي الْأَرْضِ أَبَدًا، قَالَ: فَمَا زَالَ يَهْتِفُ بِرَبِّهِ مَادًّا يَدَيْهِ حَتَّى سَقَطَ رِدَاؤُهُ عَنْ مَنْكِبَيْهِ، فَأَتَاهُ أَبُو بَكْرٍ فَأَخَذَ رِدَاءَهُ فَأَلْقَاهُ عَلَى مَنْكِبَيْهِ، ثُمَّ الْتَزَمَهُ مِنْ وَرَائِهِ وَقَالَ: يَا نَبِيَّ اللَّهِ كَفَاكَ مُنَاشَدَتُكَ رَبَّكَ فَإِنَّهُ سَيُنْجِزُ لَكَ مَا وَعَدَكَ، فَأَنْزَلَ اللَّهُ عَزَّ وَجَلَّ (إِذْ تَسْتَغِيثُونَ رَبَّكُمْ فَاسْتَجَابَ لَكُمْ أَنِّي مُمِدُّكُمْ بِأَلْفٍ مِنَ الْمَلَائِكَةِ مُرْدِفِينَ) قَالَ: وَأَمَدَّهُ اللَّهُ بِالْمَلَائِكَةِ”  وَهَذَا الْحَدِيثُ لَا نَعْلَمُهُ يُرْوَى بِهَذَا اللَّفْظِ عَنْ عُمَرَ إِلَّا مِنْ هَذَا الْوَجْهِ

 

Answer

This Hadith is recorded in Sahih Muslim with a negligible variation in wording.

(Sahih Muslim, Hadith: 4563)

The version you have cited is recorded in Musnad Bazzar, hadith: 196

 

Translation of the version in Sahih Muslim:

Sayyiduna ‘Umar (radiyallahu ‘anhu) said: It was the Day of Badr, Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alayhi wasallam) looked towards the Mushrikin and they numbered 1000 whilst his companions numbered 313 men. Nabi (sallallahu ‘alayhi wasallam) faced the Qiblah, stretched out his hands and started calling out to his Rabb:

‘O Allah, grant me what You promised me. O Allah, give me what You promised me. O Allah, if this band of Muslims are destroyed, You will not be worshipped on the land.’

He continued calling out to his Rabb, hands stretched out, facing towards the Qiblah, until his shawl dropped from his shoulders, Sayyiduna Abu Bakr (radiyallahu ‘anhu) came to him, took his shawl and placed it back on his shoulders and he held Nabi (sallallahu’alayhi wasallam) from behind him and said:

‘O Nabi, you have appealed [enough] to your Rabb, soon He will grant you what you were promised.’

Allah Ta’ala then revealed:

[Remember] when you asked for help from your Rabb, and He answered you with a thousand angels following one another. (Surah Anfal, verse: 9)

So Allah Ta’ala assisted him with the angels.

 

And Allah Ta’ala Knows best,

 

Answered by: Moulana Muhammad Abasoomar.