Virtues of crying out of the fear of Allah

Question

What is the reference and authenticity of the following Hadith?

Nabi (sallallahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) said: “There is no eye that is filled with tears except that Allah forbids that entire body from the fire and there are no tears that flow down the cheeks, except that no darkness nor humiliation will cover that face. If a person weeps in a given nation, they will be all be shown mercy and there is nothing except that it has an amount and a balance, except the tear, as it extinguishes seas of fire.”

 

Answer

Imam ‘Abdur Razzaq and Bayhaqi (rahimahumallah) have recorded this narration as a Hadith of Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) on the authority of Hasan al Basri (rahimahullah) –mursalan– with a weak chain.

(Musannaf ‘Abdur Razzaq, Hadith: 20292, Shu’abul Iman, Hadith: 790)

 

Imam Bayhaqi (rahimahullah) has also recorded this narration as the statement of Hasan al Basri (rahimahullah). The wording of this version is as follows:

“There is no eye that is filled with tears except that Allah forbids that entire body from the fire. If the tears flow down to the cheek, then darkness and disgrace will never come upon his face. All deeds have measure and [allocated] reward, except tears, for they can extinguish seas of fire. If a man cries out of the fear of Allah Ta’ala among a [group] of people, I have hope that the entire group of people will be shown mercy due to his crying.”

(Shu’abul Iman, Hadith: 791)

 

‘Allamah Mundhiri (rahimahullah) has stated the this version [i.e. the non marfu’ version, recorded as the statement of Hasan Al Basri and other Tabi’un] seems to be more correct. The narration should therefore be quoted as the statement of Hasan al Basri (rahimahullah).

(رواه البيهقي هكذا مرسلا، وفيه راو لم يسم، وروى عن الحسن البصري، وأبي عمران الجوني، وخالد بن معدان غير مرفوع وهو أشبه)

(Refer: Targhib, vol. 4 pg. 331)

 

And Allah Ta’ala Knows best.

 

Answered by: Moulana Suhail Motala

 

Approved by: Moulana Muhammad Abasoomar