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The expression of Taqwa, La ilaha illallah Muhammadur Rasulullah

Question

What is authenticity of following narration?

عن النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم قال: أنزل الله تعالى في كتابه فذكر قوما استكبروا فقال: {إنهم كانوا إذا قيل لهم لا إله إلا الله يستكبرون} [الصافات: 35] وقال تعالى: {إذ جعل الذين كفروا في قلوبهم الحمية حمية الجاهلية فأنزل الله سكينته على رسوله وعلى المؤمنين وألزمهم كلمة التقوى وكانوا أحق بها وأهلها} [الفتح: 26] وهي لا إله إلا الله محمد رسول الله استكبر عنها المشركون يوم الحديبية يوم كاتبهم رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم في قضية المدة

 

Answer

Imam Bayhaqi (rahimahullah) has recorded this Hadith in his book Al Asma Was Sifat. Imam Ibn Hibban (rahimahullah) has declared the Hadith authentic.

(Al Asma Was Sifat, pg. 161, Hadith: 205, Sahih Ibn Hibban; Al Ihsan, Hadith: 218)

 

Gist of the Hadith in question

Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) mentioned a few verses from the Holy Quran, wherein Allah Ta’ala discusses those who were too arrogant and proud to accept ‘La ilaha illallah. In Surah Fath, Allah Ta’ala uses the words ‘Kalimatut Taqwa’ [The expression of Taqwa] which Nabi (sallallahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) explained is ‘La ilaha illallah Muhammadur Rasulullah’, which on the Day of Hudaybiyyah, the Mushrikun were too proud accept.

 

 

And Allah Ta’ala Knows best.

 

Answered by: Moulana Suhail Motala

 

Approved by: Moulana Muhammad Abasoomar