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Narrations in old age

Question

I was wondering about what the scholars of Rijal have said is to be done when a reliable narrator very late in his life narrates a tradition, but it can be proven either by the words of the narrator without doubt, that when they had narrated that their memory had notable defects and that they were very old.

Rather than being a ‘Sahih’ chain, would this invariably cause it in and of itself to drop to a Hasan level, due to memory being the distinguisher between Hasan and Sahih?

For instance, we find that Imam Muslim (rahimahullah) narrates in Sahih Muslim that Zayd ibn Arqam (radiyallahu’anhu) began to narrate a Hadith about Rasulullah (sallallahu’alayhi wasallam) saying he was leaving behind two weighty things. However every chain where he is said to have done this always starts with him first noting down his decline in memory, and that he has grown very old and that his memory has been affected, as he, despite being an upright companion, still was affected by the other causes of old age mortals suffer. We find Imam Bukhari (rahimahullah) does not include this tradition in his Sahih.

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Du’a for protection from Shirk

Question

Is this Hadith correct:

“If someone reads the following du’a three times, then his shirk related sins will be forgiven,

Allahumma ini aujubika un ushrika bika wa ana a’lamu wa astaghfiruka lima la a’lamu.”

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The du’a of Nabi (sallallahu ’alayhi wa sallam) in Badr

Question

What is the status of the following narration?

حَدَّثَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ الْمُثَنَّى قَالَ: نا عُمَرُ بْنُ يُونُسَ الْيَمَامِيُّ قَالَ: نا عِكْرِمَةُ بْنُ عَمَّارٍ قَالَ: حَدَّثَنِي أَبُو زُمَيْلٍ قَالَ: حَدَّثَنِي ابْنُ عَبَّاسٍ قَالَ: حَدَّثَنِي عُمَرُ بْنُ الْخَطَّابِ قَالَ: لَمَّا كَانَ يَوْمُ بَدْرٍ نَظَرَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ إِلَى الْمُشْرِكِينَ وَهُمْ أَلْفٌ، وَإِلَى أَصْحَابِهِ وَهُمْ ثَلَاثُ مِائَةٍ وَسَبْعَةَ عَشَرَ رَجُلًا فَاسْتَقْبَلَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ الْقِبْلَةَ ثُمَّ مَدَّ يَدَيْهِ فَجَعَلَ يَهْتِفُ بِرَبِّهِ يَقُولُ: أَنْجِزْ لِي مَا وَعَدْتَنِي، اللَّهُمَّ إِنَّ تُهْلِكْ هَذِهِ الْعِصَابَةَ مِنْ أَهْلِ الْإِسْلَامِ لَا تَعْبُدُ فِي الْأَرْضِ أَبَدًا، قَالَ: فَمَا زَالَ يَهْتِفُ بِرَبِّهِ مَادًّا يَدَيْهِ حَتَّى سَقَطَ رِدَاؤُهُ عَنْ مَنْكِبَيْهِ، فَأَتَاهُ أَبُو بَكْرٍ فَأَخَذَ رِدَاءَهُ فَأَلْقَاهُ عَلَى مَنْكِبَيْهِ، ثُمَّ الْتَزَمَهُ مِنْ وَرَائِهِ وَقَالَ: يَا نَبِيَّ اللَّهِ كَفَاكَ مُنَاشَدَتُكَ رَبَّكَ فَإِنَّهُ سَيُنْجِزُ لَكَ مَا وَعَدَكَ، فَأَنْزَلَ اللَّهُ عَزَّ وَجَلَّ (إِذْ تَسْتَغِيثُونَ رَبَّكُمْ فَاسْتَجَابَ لَكُمْ أَنِّي مُمِدُّكُمْ بِأَلْفٍ مِنَ الْمَلَائِكَةِ مُرْدِفِينَ) قَالَ: وَأَمَدَّهُ اللَّهُ بِالْمَلَائِكَةِ”  وَهَذَا الْحَدِيثُ لَا نَعْلَمُهُ يُرْوَى بِهَذَا اللَّفْظِ عَنْ عُمَرَ إِلَّا مِنْ هَذَا الْوَجْهِ

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Clarification of the word رضا

Question

In the following Hadith is the word رضاء (with hamza) an error?

… سُبْحَانَ اللَّهِ وَبِحَمْدِهِ عَدَدَ خَلْقِهِ، وَرِضَاءَ نَفْسِهِ، وَزِنَة عَرْشِهِ، وَمِدَادَ كَلِمَاتِهِ

It is mentioned like this in some commentaries e.g Malimus sunan with hamza Read More »

Women being prevented from going to the masjid

Question

Are there Hadiths about Sayyiduna ‘Umar (radiyallahu ‘anhum) specifically preventing women from going to the masjid? I have always come across the following Hadith in relation to this issue:

“Sayyidah ‘Aaishah (radiyallahu ‘anha) said:

‘If the Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alayhi wasallam) was alive to see what women are doing now, he would surely have prevented them from attending the prayers in the masjid just as the women of Banu Isra’il were prevented.’”

The above provides the reason. It doesn’t specifically mention Sayyiduna ‘Umar (radiyallahu ‘anhum) preventing the women though. Read More »